Clinical nutrition

This section considers studies on all aspects of nutrition in medical care, including nutrition and disease, immune function, parenteral nutrition, malnutrition in intensive care, nutritional screening and feeding protocols

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  1. Research article

    Glycemic index, glycemic load, and metabolic syndrome in Mexican adolescents: a cross-sectional study from the NHNS-2012

    The role of dietary glycemic index (GI) and dietary glycemic load (GL) on metabolic syndrome (MetS) in youth populations remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association among diet...

    Itandehui Castro-Quezada, Salomón Angulo-Estrada, Almudena Sánchez-Villegas, María Dolores Ruiz-López, Reyes Artacho, Lluís Serra-Majem and Teresa Shamah-Levy

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:44

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  2. Study protocol

    The role of a pulse-based diet on infertility measures and metabolic syndrome risk: protocol of a randomized clinical trial in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

    Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age with an estimated prevalence of 5–20% of premenopausal women. The clinical symptoms common to PCOS include menstrual dysfu...

    Laura E. McBreairty, Philip D. Chilibeck, Donna R. Chizen, Roger A. Pierson, Lindsay Tumback, Lauren B. Sherar and Gordon A. Zello

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:23

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  3. Study protocol

    More-2-Eat: evaluation protocol of a multi-site implementation of the Integrated Nutrition Pathway for Acute Care

    Nutrition care in hospitals is often haphazard, and malnourished patients are not always readily identified and do not receive the care they require. The Integrated Nutrition Pathway for Acute Care (INPAC) is ...

    Heather Keller, Celia Laur, Renata Valaitis, Jack Bell, Tara McNicholl, Sumantra Ray, Joseph Murphy and Stephanie Barnes

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:13

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  4. Research article

    Chronic energy deficiency and associated factors among adults living with HIV in Gondar University Referral Hospital northwest Ethiopia

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and chronic energy deficiency are bidirectional and multifaceted. HIV can cause or worsen chronic energy deficiency by increasing energy requirements, reducing food...

    Melkitu Fentie, Molla Mesele Wassie, Adino Tesfahun, Kassahun Alemu, Malede Mequanent and Tadesse Awoke Ayele

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:11

    Published on: 1 February 2017

  5. Research article

    Higher bioavailability of magnesium citrate as compared to magnesium oxide shown by evaluation of urinary excretion and serum levels after single-dose administration in a randomized cross-over study

    The development of several disorders, such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and osteoporosis, has been linked to suboptimal dietary magnesium (Mg) intake. In this context, a number of studies have tried to...

    Dominik Kappeler, Irene Heimbeck, Christiane Herpich, Natalie Naue, Josef Höfler, Wolfgang Timmer and Bernhard Michalke

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:7

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  6. Research article

    Adequacy of energy, zinc and selenium intakes among adult inpatients receiving total naso-gastric tube feeding admitted to a Copperbelt province Referral Hospital, in Ndola District, Zambia

    Poor hospital outcomes among adult patients admitted to hospitals have been attributed to inadequate nutrient intake and progressive disease conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the adequacy ...

    Murambiwa Nyati, Irene Ogada and Christopher Nyirenda

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:64

    Published on: 26 October 2016

  7. Research article

    Validation of triple pass 24-hour dietary recall in Ugandan children by simultaneous weighed food assessment

    Undernutrition remains highly prevalent in African children, highlighting the need for accurately assessing dietary intake. In order to do so, the assessment method must be validated in the target population. ...

    Helen Nightingale, Kevin J. Walsh, Peter Olupot-Olupot, Charles Engoru, Tonny Ssenyondo, Julius Nteziyaremye, Denis Amorut, Margaret Nakuya, Margaret Arimi, Gary Frost and Kathryn Maitland

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:56

    Published on: 24 August 2016

  8. Research article

    Carotenoids and alkylresorcinols as objective biomarkers of diet quality when assessing the validity of a web-based food record tool and a food frequency questionnaire in a middle-aged population

    Recently, two web-based dietary assessment tools were developed; a 4-day food record tool (the Riksmaten method), and a food frequency questionnaire (MiniMeal-Q). The aim of this study was to use objective bio...

    Sanna Nybacka, Anna Karin Lindroos, Elisabet Wirfält, Per Leanderson, Rikard Landberg, Ulrika Ericson, Ingrid Larsson, Eva Warensjö Lemming, Göran Bergström, Bo Hedblad, Marju Orho-Melander, Olle Melander, Anna Winkvist and Heléne Bertéus Forslund

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:53

    Published on: 20 August 2016

  9. Research article

    Serum parathyroid hormone is related to genetic variation in vitamin D binding protein with respect to total, free, and bioavailable 25-hydroxyvitamin D in middle-aged Caucasians – a cross-sectional study

    Vitamin D binding protein (DBP) binds vitamin D and its plasma metabolites, including 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), in the circulation. Only a small fraction circulates free (free 25(OH)D). Genetic variation ...

    Elisa Saarnio, Minna Pekkinen, Suvi T Itkonen, Virpi Kemi, Heini Karp, Merja Kärkkäinen, Outi Mäkitie and Christel Lamberg-Allardt

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:46

    Published on: 22 July 2016

  10. Research article

    Do the feeding practices and nutrition status among HIV-exposed infants less than 6 months of age follow the recommended guidelines in Bomet County, Kenya?

    Globally, about 1.5 million pregnancies are among women living with the Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV). In 2013, an estimated overall HIV prevalence of 0.34 % was reported in antenatal women in Kenya, wit...

    Purity Chepkorir Lang’at, Irene Awuor Ogada, Audrey Steenbeek, Godfrey Odinga and Michael M. Mwachiro

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:43

    Published on: 13 July 2016

  11. Research article

    Feeding practices and malnutrition at the Princess Marie Louise Children’s hospital, Accra: what has changed after 80 years?

    Sub-optimal feeding practices are associated with malnutrition. In 1933, Dr Cecily Williams, while working at Princess Marie Louise Children’s Hospital (PML) in Accra described Kwashiorkor as the disease of ch...

    Edem M. A. Tette, Eric K. Sifah, Priscilla Tete-Donkor, Peter Nuro-Ameyaw and Edmund T. Nartey

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:42

    Published on: 13 July 2016

  12. Research article

    A randomized controlled trial of the effects of a prudent diet on cardiovascular risk factors, gene expression, and DNA methylation - the Diet and Genetic Intervention (DIGEST) Pilot study

    Risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) can be increased by single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 9p21 region of the genome. However, observational studies have shown that the deleterious effect of 9p21 S...

    Michael A. Zulyniak, Russell J. de Souza, Andrew Mente, Sujane Kandasamy, Monisha Nundy, Dipika Desai, Kripa Raman, Ranya Hasso, Guillaume Pare, Joseph Beyene and Sonia S. Anand

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:34

    Published on: 10 June 2016

  13. Research article

    Leucine disposal rate for assessment of amino acid metabolism in maintenance hemodialysis patients

    Protein energy wasting (PEW) is common in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) and closely associated with poor outcomes. Insulin resistance and associated alterations in amino acid metabolism ar...

    Gerald B. Denny, Serpil M. Deger, Guanhua Chen, Aihua Bian, Feng Sha, Cindy Booker, Jaclyn T. Kesler, Sthuthi David, Charles D. Ellis and T. Alp Ikizler

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:31

    Published on: 3 June 2016

  14. Research article

    Effect of dietary vegetable oil consumption on blood glucose levels, lipid profile and weight in diabetic mice: an experimental case—control study

    Free fatty acids have been reported to impair insulin action; Dietary fat composition has been implicated in the development of insulin resistance as well as fasting glycaemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Thi...

    Robert A. Ngala, Isaac Ampong, Samuel Asamoah Sakyi and Enoch Odame Anto

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:28

    Published on: 27 May 2016

  15. Research article

    Beneficial effects of rice endosperm protein intake in Japanese men with risk factors for metabolic syndrome: a randomized, crossover clinical trial

    Rice protein is proved to have hypocholesterolemic and anti-atherosclerotic effects, and a few experimental studies showed its renoprotective effects, using animal diabetic models. However, no clinical studies...

    Michihiro Hosojima, Ryohei Kaseda, Hazuki Kondo, Mikio Fujii, Masatoshi Kubota, Reiko Watanabe, Naohito Tanabe, Motoni Kadowaki, Yoshiki Suzuki and Akihiko Saito

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:25

    Published on: 3 May 2016

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