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Table 1 Sample characteristics of households by rounds of data collection, Ethiopia 2013

From: Is the adapted Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) developed internationally to measure food insecurity valid in urban and rural households of Ethiopia?

Variable Round I (%) Round II (%)
N 767 749
Residency, %   
  Urban 30.4 30.3
  Rural 69.6 69.7
Respondent status, %   
  Household head 13.3 12.7
  Spouse 62.1 56.1
  Other adult male 5.8 5.6
  Other adult female 18.8 25.6
  Missing   
Reported age, %   
  14–29 years 33.0 -
  30–45 years 45.2 -
  46–61 years 14.2 -
  61+ years 7.6 -
Mean age 36.9  
Marital status, %   
  Single 15.3 -
  Married 65.1 -
  Separated 1.7 -
  Divorced 2.0 -
  Widowed 14.7 -
  Missing 1.3 -
Religion   
  Orthodox Christian 18.6 -
  Muslim 73.7 -
  Protestant 7.2 -
  Catholic 0.5 -
  Missing 0.4 -
Occupation   
  Housewife 32.5 -
  Farmer and housewife 31.3 -
  Merchant 14.3 -
  Students 9.0 -
  Daily laborer 4.3 -
  Employee 4.2 -
  Others 4.4 -
FI level, %   
  Food secure 11.9 9.6
  Mild FI 21.6 23.1
  Moderate FI 50.3 58.1
  Severe FI 16.2 9.2
HFIAS score 6.1 ± 4.5a 6.3 ± 4.2
Dietary diversity score (0–12) 5.2 ± 1.5a 5.2 ± 1.6
  1. aMean and standard deviations.