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Table 5 Factors associated with malnutrition among PLWHA receiving ART

From: Prevalence of malnutrition and its associated factors among adult people living with HIV/AIDS receiving anti-retroviral therapy at Butajira Hospital, southern Ethiopia

Predictors Undernutrition COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) Pvalues
  Yes No    
Age
 18–29 6 30 1   
 30–44 42 143 1.47(0.57–3.76)   
  > 44 29 55 2.64(0.98–7.06)   
Residence
 Urban 35 142 1 1  
 Rural 42 86 1.98(1.17–3.34) 1.98(1.10–3.53) 0.02
Educational status
 Unable to read and write 40 81 2.63(0.72–9.57)   
 Able to read and write 12 26 2.46(0.60–10.08)   
 Primary education 16 64 1.33(0.35–5.14)   
 Secondary education 6 41 0.78(0.17–3.50)   
 Tertiary education 3 16 1   
Eating difficulty
 Yes 29 41 2.76(1.56–4.88) 2.69(1.41–5.11) 0.002
 No 48 187 1 1  
Drug adherence
 Yes 18 32 1.87(0.98–3.57)   
 No 59 196 1   
Diarrhea
 Yes 12 16 2.45(1.10–5.43)   
 No 65 212 1   
RUTF
 Yes 22 13 1 1  
 No 55 215 0.15(0.07–0.3) 0.18(0.08–0.40) 0.00
Anemia
 Yes 31 54 2.17(1.25–3.76) 1.94(1.05–3.57) 0.03
 No 46 174 1 1  
HFIS
 Food secure 6 58 1   
 Mildly food insecure 2 12 1.61(0.29–8.97)   
 Moderately food insecure 26 73 3.44(1.33–8.92)   
 Severely food insecure 43 85 4.89(1.95–12.2)   
HDD
 Inadequate 37 84 1.59(0.94–2.67)   
 Adequate 40 144 1   
Intestinal parasite
 Present 33 48 2.81(1.62–4.89) 2.85(1.54–5.27) 0.001
 Absent 44 180 1 1  
  1. Living in rural area, eating difficulty, RUFF, anemia, and intestinal parasite infection were significantly associated with under nutrition.