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Table 3 Odds ratios of multiple GEE analysis for incident hypertension after adjusting for potential confounding variables

From: Dietary magnesium intake and risk of hypertension in a Mexican adult population: a cohort study

Outcomes Total magnesium intake (tertiles) Pvaluee
  T1 T2 T3  
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)  
Hypertension (model 1)a 1.0 0.91 (0.60–1.38) 0.85 (0.55–1.30) 0.46
Hypertension (model 2)b 1.0 1.0 (0.65–1.58) 0.93 (0.51–1.44) 0.76
Hypertension (model 3)c 1.0 1.0 (0.64–1.58) 0.86 (0.51–1.44) 0.57
Hypertension (model 4)d 1.0 0.99 (0.63–1.57) 0.83 (0.49–1.39) 0.48
  1. Hypertension: systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg or/and diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg.
  2. aAdjusted for age (years), sex, and time.
  3. bFurther adjusted for physical activity (METs/week), postmenopausal hormone use (yes/no), multivitamin use (yes/no), alcohol consumption (non-drinker/drinker), smoking (never, past and current).
  4. cMultivariate model additionally adjusted for dietary intakes of saturated fat (g/day), cholesterol (mg/day), glycemic load (quintiles), sodium intake (mg/day), fiber (g/day), and total energy (kcal/day).
  5. dA full model with additional adjustment for body mass index (kg/m2), history of diabetes, and family history of hypertension.
  6. eTest for linear trend.