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Table 4 Respondent characteristics of sanitation, health status, and other environmental factors among women of reproductive age in Kunama population, NorthwestTigray, Ethiopia, February 2014

From: Magnitude of chronic energy deficiency and its associated factors among women of reproductive age in the Kunama population, Tigray, Ethiopia, in 2014

Variables Frequency Percentage
Latrine availability   
 Yes 139 48.9
 No 145 51.1
Type of latrine (n = 139)   
 Unimproved pit latrine 139 100
Source of water   
 Protected 223 78.5
 Unprotected 61 21.5
Time to fetch drinking water   
 <30 min 171 60.2
 ≥ 30 min 113 39.8
Water treatment practice   
 Yes 47 16.5
 No 237 83.5
Water treatment mechanism (n = 47)   
 Sieve through cloth 30 63.8
 Filter 4 8.5
 Wuha agar 13 27.7
Hand washing   
 Only before eating 81 28.5
 Before eating and after toilet 203 71.5
Washing agents   
 Soap 138 48.6
 None 146 51.4
Attack of illness for the last 2 weeks   
 Yes 68 23.9
 No 216 76.1
Type of disease (n = 68)   
 Malaria 38 55.9
 Intestinal parasite 12 17.6
 Kal azar 7 10.3
 Unspecified disease 11 16.2
Health service access (n = 68)   
 Yes 65 95.6
 No 3 4.4
Place of health service (n = 65)   
 Governmental 52 80
 Private 13 20
  1. NB: protected source of water—protected well and tap water. Unprotected source of water—unprotected well and river