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Table 7 Factors associated with zinc deficiency among pregnant women attending antenatal care at the University of Gondar Hospital, Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia, 2015

From: Prevalence of zinc deficiency and its association with dietary, serum albumin and intestinal parasitic infection among pregnant women attending antenatal care at the University of Gondar Hospital, Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia

Predictors Zinc deficiency COR (95%CI) AOR (95 % CI) P- values
  Yes No    
Residence      
 Urban 148 133 1 1  
 Rural 61 22 2.49(1.45 – 4.28) 1.92 (1.04, 3.56) 0.037
Source of drinking water      
 Tab 178 146 1   
 Well 9 3 2.46(0.65– 9.26)   
 Spring 22 6 3.01 (1.19,7.61)   
Birth interval(year)      
 0 88 77 1 1  
 <2 26 5 4.55 (1.67,12.43) 3.97 (1.30,12.13) 0. 016
 ≥2 95 73 1.14 (0.74,1.75) 0.98 (0.59, 1.61)
Sorghum consumption      
 Yes 68 29 1   
 No 141 126 0.48 (0.29,0.78)   
Coffee intake      
 No 68 71 1   
 Yes 141 84 1.75 (1.14,2.69)   
Animal source food      
 Yes 48 76 1 1  
 No 161 79 3.23 (2.06,5.06) 2.29 (1.35, 3.89) 0.002
Dietary diversity      
 Adequate 53 81 1 1  
 Inadequate 156 74 3.22(1.113,3.360) 2.09 (1.24,3.51) 0.005
Nutrition education      
 Yes 85 92 1   
 No 124 63 2.13 (1.40,3.25) 1.78(1.10, 2.86) 0.02
Diarrhea      
 No 190 150 1   
 Yes 19 5 3.00 (1.09,8.22)   
Serum albumin(g/dl)      
 ≥3.2 143 133 2.79(1.63,4.78) 1 0.002
 <3.2 66 22   2.55 (1.40,4.63)
Intestinal parasite      
 Absent 130 129 1 1  
 Present 79 26 3.02 (1.82,4.99) 2.60 (1.49,4.54) 0.001
  1. Residence, birth interval, animal source food, dietary diversity, nutrition education, serum albumin and intestinal parasite were significantly associated with zinc deficiency.