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Table 1 Baseline patient characteristics

From: Behavioural Lifestyle Intervention Study (BLIS) in patients with type 2 diabetes in the United Arab Emirates: A randomized controlled trial

  Interventiona Controlb P value
N (Females) 18 (12) 17 (11)  
Age (Years) 38.37 ± 9.08 42.53 ± 10.9 0.87
Duration of diabetes (Years) 6.75 ± 7.59 6.8 ± 6.33 0.98
HbA1c (%) 9.39 ± 1.55 9.11 ± 1.37 0.46
Obesity measures    
 Weight (Kg) 94.48 ± 16.81 84.41 ± 12.7 0.06
 Height (m) 1.63 ± 0.07 1.59 ± 0.087 0.11
 BMI (Kg/m2) 35.87 ± 5.67 33.89 ± 6.54 0.35
 Body composition    
  Fat mass (Kg) 41.93 ± 13.18 36.76 ± 11.29 0.23
  Muscle mass (Kg) 14.04 ± 2.07 12.41 ± 1.88 0.03b
  Water mass (Kg) 38.88 ± 5.67 34.24 ± 4.29 0.01b
CVD risk factors    
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.05 ± 0.56 1.21 ± 0.37 0.1
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.11 ± 1.05 2.94 ± 0.77 0.86
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.77 ± 1.05 4.59 ± 0.81 0.93
 Triglycerides (mmol/L) 2.58 ± 1.33 2.1 ± 1.9 0.37
 Systolic blood pressure ( mmHg) 136 ± 12 122 ± 14 0.01b
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 76 ± 8 67 ± 9 0.00b
  1. aContinuous data are presented as the mean ± standard deviation, and categorical data are presented as frequencies
  2. bSignificantly different using Student’s t-test at a significance level of P < 0.05