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Table 3 Dietary intake of carbohydrates and physical exercise at baseline, 3 months and 6 months

From: Behavioural Lifestyle Intervention Study (BLIS) in patients with type 2 diabetes in the United Arab Emirates: A randomized controlled trial

  Intervention (n = 18)a Control (n = 17)a
Carbohydrate intake (g/day) Baseline 3 months 6 months P valueb Baseline 3 months 6 months P valueb
Cereals 172.92 ± 73.8 130.42 ± 55.12c 140.00 ± 70.17 c 0.00 149.5 ± 81.49 145.00 ± 63.56 164 ± 58.60 0.54
Fruits 15.00 ± 17.06 10.83 ± 14.37 23.33 ± 23.84 0.03 41.00 ± 28.57 37.5 ± 35.6 40.5 ± 35.05 0.91
Dairy products 10.00 ± 7.97 3.67 ± 4.67a 8.67 ± 8.54 0.00 10.00 ± 9.21 6.40 ± 6.74 8.00 ± 8.94 0.22
Vegetables 6.94 ± 3.04 6.67 ± 5.42 6.67 ± 4.20 0.96 4.67 ± 4.99 3.67 ± 2.87 7.00 ± 4.76 0.09
Legumes 3.75 ± 6.43 2.08 ± 5.02 2.08 ± 5.02 0.52 4.00 ± 8.60 1.50 ± 4.06 2.00 ± 5.01 0.38
Other carbohydrates 10.83 ± 10.09 16.67 ± 23.51 18.75 ± 23.89 0.47 7.00 ± 14.35 0.57 ± 0.95 8.00 ± 14.35 0.95
Total carbohydrates 219.44 ± 84.18 170.33 ± 75.76a 199.5 ± 86.28a 0.00 216.17 ± 89.14 202.55 ± 90.3 237.87 ± 59.42 0.3
Physical exercise (min/day) 4.67 ± 9.89 9.12 ± 17.39 12.17 ± 18.60 0.11 10.00 ± 15.99 15.19 ± 22.02 12.31 ± 13.57 0.68
  1. aData are presented as the mean ± standard deviation
  2. b One-way ANOVA was used for between-groups comparisons, with a significance level of P < 0.05
  3. c P value < 0.0167 after Bonferroni correction