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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the study participants by nutritional status in Public Hospitals, Oromia region, West Ethiopia from December 2014- March 2015

From: Determinants of acute malnutrition among children aged 6–59 months in Public Hospitals, Oromia region, West Ethiopia: a case–control study

Characteristics Nutritional status COR(95 % CI) P-value
Cases(%) Controls(%)
Gender of the child
 Male 52(46.02) 93(41.15) 0.82(0.52–1.29) 0.39
 Female 61(53.98) 133(58.85) 1.00  
Sex of head of household
 Female 9(7.96) 6(2.65) 3.17(1.10–9.15) 0.033
 Male 104(92.04) 220(97.35) 1.00  
Age of the child in month
 6–12 32(28.31) 60(26.55) 1.07(0.43–2.64) 0.89
 13–24 40(35.40) 86(38.05) 0.93(0.38–2.25) 0.87
 25–36 16(14.16) 30(13.27) 1.07(0.39–2.29) 0.90
 37–48 16(14.16) 32(14.16) 1.00(0.37–2.72) 0.99
 49–60 9(7.96) 18(7.96) 1.00  
Age of mother in years
  ≤ 34 95(84.07) 191(84.51) 0.98(0.52–1.80) 0.92
  ≥ 35 18(15.93) 35(15.49) 1.00  
Family size
  ≥ 5 77(68.14) 106(46.90) 2.42(1.51–3.89) 0.0001
  < 5 36(31.86) 120(53.10) 1.00  
Household’s monthly income
  < 50 USD 75(66.37) 66(29.20) 4.79(2.95–7.77) 0.0001
  > 50 USD 38(33.33) 160(70.80) 1.00  
Paternal occupation
 Farmer 82(72.57) 114(50.44) 2.60(1.59–4.24) 0.0001
 Others 31(27.43) 112(49.56) 1.00  
Maternal education
 Illiterate 56(49.56) 37(16.37) 5.02(3.01–8.36) 0.0001
 Literate 57(50.44) 189(83.63) 1.00  
Paternal education
 Illiterate 31(24.43) 22(9.73) 3.51(1.92–6.41) 0.0001
 Literate 82(72.57) 204(90.27) 1.00  
Place of residence
 Rural 88(77.88) 126(55.75) 2.79(1.67–4.68) 0.0001
 Urban 25(22.12) 100(44.25) 1.00  
Ethnicity
 Oromo 111(98.23) 212(93.80) 3.67(0.82–16.41) 0.090
 Amhara 2(1.77) 14(6.19) 1.00  
Religion
 Ethiopian orthodox 28(24.78) 93(41.15) 0.54(0.32–0.92) 0.002
 Muslim 24(21.24) 23(10.18) 1.88(0.98–3.61) 0.057
 Protestant 61(53.98) 110(48.67) 1.00  
  1. Case = under five children with MUAC < 12.5 cm and/or bilateral pitting edema
  2. Control = under five children with MUAC ≥ 12.5 cm, without bilateral pitting edema
  3. Ethiopian currency: 1USD = 20.5 ETB