Skip to main content

Table 2 Maternal and child characteristics, and caring practices of the study participants by nutritional status in Public Hospitals, Oromia region, West Ethiopia from December 2014 - March 2015

From: Determinants of acute malnutrition among children aged 6–59 months in Public Hospitals, Oromia region, West Ethiopia: a case–control study

Characteristics Nutritional status COR(95 % CI) P-value
Cases(%) Controls(%)
Place of delivery
 Home 67(60.18) 44(19.47) 6.03(3.66–9.93) 0.0001
 Health Institution 46(40.7) 182(80.53) 1.00
Immunization status
 Never been immunized 20(17.70) 7(3.10) 6.73(2.75–16.45) 0.0001
 Immunized 93(82.30) 219(96.90) 1.00
Presence of diarrhea in the last two weeks
 Yes 44(38.93) 57(25.22) 1.89(1.17–3.06) 0.01
 No 69(61.06) 169(74.78) 1.00
Illness with fever
 Yes 32(23.32) 118(52.21) 0.36(0.22–0.59) 0.0001
 No 81(71.68) 108(47.79) 1.00
ANC attendance
 Not attended 47(41.59) 27(11.95) 5.25(3.03–9.09) 0.0001
 Attended 66(58.4) 199(88.05) 1.00
Time the child initiated BF after birth
  > One hour 58(51.33) 80(35.40) 1.93(1.22–3.05) 0.005
  ≤ one hour 55(48.67) 146(64.60) 1.00
Duration the child exclusively breast fed
 Less or greater than 6 months 77(68.14) 89(39.38) 3.29(2.04–5.31) 0.0001
  = 6 months 36(31.86) 137(60.62) 1.00
Mother knowledge concerning BF
 Less or greater than 6 months/don’t know 54(47.79) 37(16.37) 4.68(2.81–7.79) 0.0001
  = 6 months 59(52.21) 189(83.63) 1.00
Did the child been given d/t food categories during the last 24 h before hospital visit
 No 64(56.63) 37(16.37) 6.67(4.0–11.14) 0.0001
 Yes 49(43.36) 189(83.63) 1.00
Plan to give birth of the child
 No 58(51.33) 17(7.52) 12.97(6.98–24.02) 0.0001
 Yes 55(48.67) 209(92.48) 1.00
  1. Case = under five children with MUAC < 12.5 cm and/or bilateral pitting edema
  2. Control = under five children with MUAC ≥ 12.5 cm, without bilateral pitting edema