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Table 3 Environmental health conditions of study participants by nutritional status in Public Hospitals, Oromia region, West Ethiopia from December 2014 - March 2015

From: Determinants of acute malnutrition among children aged 6–59 months in Public Hospitals, Oromia region, West Ethiopia: a case–control study

Characteristics Nutritional status COR(95 % CI) P-value
Cases(%) Controls(%)
Round trip distance to fetch water
  > 30 min 46(40.70) 30(13.27) 4.49(2.62–7.68) 0.0001
  < 30 min 67(59.29) 196(86.73) 1.00
Type of roof of house made from
 Tukul/thatched 50(44.25) 49(21.68) 2.87(1.76–4.67) 0.0001
 Corrugated iron sheet 63(55.75) 177(78.32) 1.00
Presence of latrine
 No 25(22.12) 27(11.95) 2.09(1.15–3.81) 0.016
 Yes 88(77.88) 199(88.05) 1.00
Hand washing practices of mothers
 Wash less frequently/not wash 74(65.49) 27(11.95) 13.99(8.0–24.45) 0.0001
 Wash frequently 39(34.51) 199(88.05) 1.00
  1. Case = under five children with MUAC < 12.5 cm and/or bilateral pitting edema
  2. Control = under five children with MUAC ≥ 12.5 cm, without bilateral pitting edema