Skip to main content

Table 4 Both bivariate and multivariate results of determinants factors of acute malnutrition among children aged 6–59 months by nutritional status in Public Hospitals, Oromia region, West Ethiopia from December 2014- March 2015

From: Determinants of acute malnutrition among children aged 6–59 months in Public Hospitals, Oromia region, West Ethiopia: a case–control study

Variables Nutritional status COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI)
Cases (%) Controls (%)
Presence of diarrhea in the last two weeks
 Yes 44(38.93) 57(25.22) 1.89(1.17–3.06)** 3.94(2.01–7.73)***
 No 69(61.06) 169(74.78) 1.00 1.00
Hand washing habit of mothers
 Wash less frequently 74(65.49) 27(11.95) 13.99(8.0–24.45)*** 14.39(7.33–28.22)***
 Wash frequently 39(34.51) 199(88.05) 1.00 1.00
Duration the child exclusively breast fed
 Less or greater than 6 months 77(68.14) 89(39.38) 3.29(2.04–5.31)*** 2.63(1.39–5.01)**
  = 6 months 36(31.86) 137(60.62) 1.00 1.00
Family size
  ≥ 5 77(68.14) 106(46.90) 2.42(1.51–3.89)*** 2.59(1.34–5.00)**
  < 5 36(31.86) 120(53.10) 1.00 1.00
Presence of latrine
 No 25(22.12) 27(11.95) 2.09(1.15–3.81)* 2.99(1.23–7.06)*
 Yes 88(77.88) 199(88.05) 1.00 1.00
Maternal Education
 Illiterate 56(49.56) 37(16.37) 5.02(3.01–8.36)*** 2.16(1.14–4.11)*
 Literate 57(50.44) 189(83.63) 1.00 1.00
Illness with fever
 Yes 32(23.32) 118(52.21) 0.36(0.22–0.59)*** 1.89(1.0–3.59)*
 No 81(71.68) 108(47.79) 1.00 1.00
  1. Statistically significant at *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001, CI confidence interval, COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio. Case = under five children with MUAC < 12.5 cm and/or bilateral pitting edema
  2. Control = under five children with MUAC ≥ 12.5 cm, without bilateral pitting edema