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Table 8 Relationship between knowledge, attitude, home environment and dietary practices

From: Nutrition knowledge, attitude and practices among urban primary school children in Nairobi City, Kenya: a KAP study

Relationship between overall nutrition knowledge score and frequency of food consumption
Sweetened/sugary drinks  
 Carbonated drink r = −0.101; p = 0.061
 Artificial juice r = −0.112; p = 0.059
Fast foods  
 Chips r = − 0.115; p = 0.062
 Chocolate r = −0.157; p = 0.078
 Sausages r = −0.101; p = 0.061
 Doughnuts r = −0.114; p = 0.060
 Smokies r = − 0.129; p = 0.063
 Sweets r =−0.165; p = 0.058
 Sandwich r = −0.154; p = 0.69
 Popcorns r = −0.185; p = 0.06
 Cakes r = −0.165; p = 0.06
Fruits r = (0.101–0.170); p > 0.05
Relationship between attitude and frequency of food consumption
Sweetened/sugary drinks  
 Carbonated drink X 2 = 101.7 df = 6, P = <0.001
 Artificial juice X 2 = 64.738 df = 6, P = <0.001
Fast foods  
 Chips X 2 = 70.969 df = 6, P = <0.001
 Chocolate X 2 = 181.8 df =6, P = <0.001
 Sausages X 2 = 185.8 df = 6, P = <0.001
 Doughnuts X 2 = 71.836, df = 6, P = <0.001
 Smokies X 2 = 172.0 df = 6, P = <0.001
 Sweets X 2 = 62.778, df = 6, P = <0.001
 Sandwich X 2 = 163.7 df = 6, P = <0.001
 Popcorns X 2 = 111.7 df = 6, P = <0.001
 Cakes X 2 = 125.5 df = 6, P = <0.001
Fruits p > 0.05
Relationship between home environment and attitude towards healthy eating
Watching TV X 2 = 4.5215 df = 1, P = 0.002
Eating with family members X 2 = 2.5462 df = 1, P <0.001