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Table 2 Proportions of Nutri-eSCREEN® Items and Comparisons by Age and Gender (n = 15,545)

From: Nutri-eSCREEN®: descriptive analysis of a self-management site for older adults (50+ years)

Item Total Male (n = 3077) Female (n = 12468) 50-64 yrs (n = 9468) 65-74 yrs (n = 4084) 75-84 yrs (n = 1535) 85+ yrs (n = 440)
  Proportion (%)
Weight        
Gain 10+ pounds 8.7 7.1* 9.0 9.8# 8.2 3.8 5.2
Gain 6-10 9.7 7.1 10.3 11.2 8.0 6.0 3.4
Gain 5 12.2 9.6 12.9 13.5 11.9 7.6 3.4
Stayed same 47.1 49.8 46.4 46.2 48.8 49.4 41.6
Lost 5 7.3 8.5 7.0 6.4 7.7 9.7 13.6
Lost 6-10 6.8 7.7 6.5 5.6 7.0 12.0 10.9
Lost 10+ pounds 6.3 8.1 5.9 5.5 6.5 8.2 15.5
Don’t know weight 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.6 1.9 3.4 6.4
Trying to change weight        
Yes 48.4 41.3* 50.1 52.7# 48.1 31.8 15.2
No 40.0 48.4 38.0 36.9 41.9 50.4 53.6
No but changed anyway 11.6 10.3 11.9 10.3 10.0 17.8 31.1
Weight Perception        
More than want 70.8 63.9* 72.5 75.7# 71.5 49.5 30.5
Just right 21.9 25.9 21.0 19.5 21.9 33.0 36.4
Less than want 7.3 10.2 6.6 4.7 6.5 17.5 33.2
Skip Meals        
Never/rarely 59.9 56.0* 60.9 60.6# 60.8 57.4 45.7
Sometimes 29.3 31.1 28.8 28.7 29.6 30.8 33.4
Often 5.6 7.4 5.2 5.6 5.1 6.2 9.1
Almost everyday 5.2 5.5 5.1 5.1 4.5 5.6 11.8
Limiting foods        
Eat most foods 47.3 46.5* 47.5 46.7 48.2 49.8 43.4
Some/manage 38.0 41.4 37.2 38.5 37.8 36.4 35.2
Some/difficult 14.7 12.1 15.4 14.8 14.0 13.9 21.4
Appetite        
Very good 43.7 42.8 43.9 47.3# 42.9 30.3 18.6
Good 43.7 45.0 43.4 43.9 44.9 41.9 34.1
Fair 10.1 9.7 10.2 7.5 10.2 20.5 29.1
Poor 2.5 2.5 2.5 1.3 1.9 7.4 18.2
Fruit/ Vegetable        
5 +/day 32.1 25.9* 33.6 33.8# 32.6 24.3 15.9
4 23.5 20.6 24.2 23.8 22.6 24.3 20.0
3 22.8 24.0 22.5 21.9 23.0 26.0 27.5
2 13.2 16.9 12.3 12.4 13.8 15.6 17.7
<2 /day 8.5 12.5 7.5 8.0 8.0 9.8 18.9
Meat/alternatives        
2+ per day 25.9 23.3* 26.5 29.5# 21.7 16.7 17.3
1-2 40.0 38.1 40.5 39.9 41.4 39.3 32.0
1 26.0 28.0 25.4 23.2 28.6 33.8 34.1
<1 per day 8.2 10.5 7.6 7.4 8.3 10.2 16.6
Milk products/alt        
3+ per day 11.8 11.2* 11.9 11.7 12.0 11.5 13.0
2-3 27.4 22.7 28.5 28.2 25.4 29.3 21.4
1-2 30.6 29.4 30.9 30.2 32.0 29.8 29.8
1 19.5 22.7 18.7 19.2 19.9 19.8 21.6
<1 per day 10.7 14.0 9.9 10.7 10.8 9.7 14.3
Fluid        
8+ cups/day 23.3 21.0* 23.9 27.3# 20.0 11.6 8.6
5-7 43.6 42.0 44.0 43.6 45.5 40.8 33.4
3-4 26.1 28.4 25.5 23.4 28.0 33.9 38.0
about 2 5.5 6.2 5.3 4.4 5.1 11.0 12.3
<2 cups/day 1.6 2.4 1.4 1.2 1.4 2.7 7.7
Swallowing difficulty        
Never 62.4 61.8 62.6 67.2# 59.8 47.3 37.0
Rarely 23.7 25.3 23.3 21.3 25.5 32.2 28.6
Sometimes 12.4 11.0 12.7 10.5 13.2 18.1 25.9
Often or always 1.5 1.9 1.4 1.1 1.5 2.4 8.4
Chewing difficulty        
Never 71.6 69.6* 72.1 77.5# 69.9 51.6 30.9
Rarely 16.5 17.5 16.2 14.3 17.0 25.6 25.5
Sometimes 10.1 10.1 10.1 7.2 11.0 18.9 32.0
Often or always 1.8 2.7 1.6 0.9 2.1 3.9 11.6
Use meal supplements        
Never or rarely 81.9 79.0* 82.6 83.8# 82.5 74.2 61.6
Sometimes 15.3 17.7 14.7 13.7 15.2 22.3 25.0
Often or always 2.8 3.2 2.7 2.5 2.3 3.5 13.4
Eats with others        
Never or rarely 14.7 14.4* 14.8 11.6# 16.4 25.3 30.9
Sometimes 20.2 18.3 20.6 19.3 20.5 24.1 22.7
Often 16.6 19.1 16.0 19.4 12.6 11.6 12.0
Almost always 48.5 48.2 48.5 49.8 50.5 39.0 34.3
Who prepares meals        
They do 67.0 37.2* 74.4 67.2# 69.7 64.8 46.6
They share 22.0 31.5 19.6 24.5 19.4 15.8 13.0
Someone else does 11.0 31.3 6.0 8.3 10.9 19.5 40.5
Meal Preparation        
Enjoy 40.0 37.4* 40.7 42.5# 41.3 28.7 14.8
Sometimes a chore 35.3 22.9 38.3 36.1 35.3 32.4 27.3
Usually a chore 13.7 8.4 15.0 13.0 12.6 19.5 17.5
Satisfied with others cooking 9.3 28.4 4.6 7.1 9.9 16.1 28.9
Not satisfied with others cooking 1.7 2.9 1.4 1.2 1.0 3.4 11.6
Grocery Difficulty        
Never or rarely 83.4 86.9* 82.5 87.3# 83.2 68.6 52.5
Sometimes 12.1 9.1 12.8 9.7 12.1 23.0 25.9
Often 2.9 2.6 3.0 2.0 3.1 6.2 10.5
Always 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.1 1.5 2.2 11.1
Total Score        
Mean 45.4 45.4 45.4 46.2 45.4 42.6 37.3
SD 8.3 8.1 8.4 7.6 7.9 10.0 12.4
Risk Score < 54 85.6 87.1 85.2 84.4# 86.5 88.7 93.0
Risk Score < 50 66.2 67.7 65.9 64.1# 67.2 72.1 83.2
Risk Score < 45 39.9 39.8 39.9 36.9# 39.5 50.7 68.2
  1. * gender comparison statistically significant difference at p < 0.0001
  2. # age comparison statistically significant difference at p < 0.0001