Skip to main content

Table 1 The regions, countries and numbers of surveys and children analysed

From: Weight-for-height and mid-upper-arm circumference should be used independently to diagnose acute malnutrition: policy implications

Region Country Surveys No Total children Age % <26.5 months Age % >26.5 months Height % <88.5 cm Height % >88.5 cm
Latin America Guatemala 2 1 393 44.7 55.3 74.4 25.6
Northern Asia Tajikistan 5 4 446 45.1 54.8 63.6 36.4
East Africa Malawi 34 20 014 44.4 55.6 72.1 27.9
East Africa Mozambique 14 3 828 46.2 53.8 63.9 36.1
East Africa Rwanda 22 11 968 36.1 63.8 62.5 37.5
Northern Asia Afghanistan 55 46 217 40.9 59.1 66.4 33.6
Middle Africa Angola 45 37 610 34.9 65.1 58.7 41.3
East Africa Burundi 32 20 729 37.7 62.3 67.5 32.5
West Africa Sierra Leone 71 56 482 41.7 58.3 61.7 38.3
East Africa Zambia 6 3 447 41.0 59.0 61.6 38.4
East Africa Uganda 83 51 526 46.7 53.3 64.4 35.6
East Africa Tanzania 13 6 735 31.1 68.9 54.5 45.5
East Africa Madagascar 6 4 092 42.5 57.5 62.2 37.8
West Africa Ivory Coast 6 7 593 43.5 56.5 64.8 35.2
Middle Africa DRC 208 180 795 43.9 56.1 68.3 31.7
West Africa Liberia 76 50 409 37.5 62.5 57.7 42.3
Caribbean Haiti 45 35 675 42.7 57.3 60.1 39.9
East Africa Eritrea 2 1 597 35.9 64.1 50.5 49.5
Middle Africa CAR 49 36 527 43.7 56.3 64.3 35.7
South Asia Myanmar 15 11 144 43.3 56.7 69.3 30.7
West Africa Guinea 17 12 691 44.0 56.0 63.9 36.1
South Asia Pakistan 27 24 494 38.5 61.5 61.2 38.8
South Asia Nepal 7 4 313 42.5 57.5 71.0 29.0
West Africa Nigeria 45 29 769 42.8 57.2 62.3 37.7
East Africa Zimbabwe 3 1 332 43.2 56.8 69.8 30.2
East Africa Ethiopia 73 63 858 36.0 64.0 52.9 47.1
Sahel Niger 38 46 784 45.3 54.7 66.6 33.4
South Asia Bangladesh 30 18 304 36.8 63.1 63.5 36.5
Sahel Somalia 102 75 717 40.8 59.2 54.4 45.6
Sahel Chad 128 90 615 41.9 58.1 58.1 41.9
South Asia Timor 3 1 673 38.7 61.3 58.3 41.7
Middle Africa Cameroun 9 5 938 37.0 63.0 60.9 39.1
Sahel South Sudan 198 140 046 44.1 55.9 52.1 47.9
West Africa Benin 7 7 823 40.9 59.1 60.4 39.6
South Asia India 9 5 649 39.3 60.7 63.2 36.8
Sahel Sudan 86 71 796 37.2 62.8 51.8 48.2
West Africa Burkina Faso 67 41 244 44.4 55.6 64.4 35.6
Sahel Mali 15 19 668 43.7 56.3 58.8 41.2
Sahel Mauritania 51 40 434 44.1 55.9 57.2 42.8
West Africa Guinea-Bissau 4 2 414 45.5 54.5 61.6 38.4
West Africa Togo 14 6 502 42.0 58.0 58.1 41.9
South Asia Thailand 2 1 797 41.8 58.2 63.0 37.0
East Africa Kenya 49 33 445 41.1 58.9 51.3 48.7
West Africa Gambia 8 6 730 42.3 57.7 57.0 43.0
South Asia Philippines 7 3 905 39.0 60.9 63.3 36.7
South Asia Sri Lanka 5 4 576 39.6 60.4 56.4 43.6
Sahel Senegal 39 30 324 43.4 56.6 55.8 44.2
Total 47 1 832 1 384 068 41.3 ± 3.4 58.7 ± 3.4 61.4 ± 5.6 38.6 ± 5.6
Caribbean   45 35 675 42.7 57.3 60.1 39.9
East Africa   337 222 571 40.2 ± 4.8 59.8 ± 4.8 61.1 ± 7.2 38.9 ± 7.2
Latin America   2 1 393 44.7 55.3 74.4 25.6
Middle Africa   311 260 870 39.9 ± 4.6 60.1 ± 4.6 63.1 ± 4.2 36.9 ± 4.2
Northern Asia   60 50 663 43 ± 2.9 57 ± 3 65 ± 2 35 ± 2
Sahel   657 515 384 42.5 ± 2.6 57.5 ± 2.6 56.8 ± 4.7 43.2 ± 4.7
South Asia   105 75 855 39.9 ± 2.1 60 ± 2.1 63.2 ± 4.6 36.8 ± 4.6
West Africa   315 221 657 42.4 ± 2.2 57.5 ± 2.2 61.2 ± 2.8 38.8 ± 2.8
Additional surveys with total number of GAM children <75
South Asia Indonesia 1 371 52.8 46.7 71.7 28.3
Middle Africa Congo-B 1 870 43.7 56.3 58.0 42.0
Latin America Nicaragua 2 962 33.8 66.3 56.9 43.1
Europe Albania 1 892 41.1 58.9 46.9 53.1
Europe Macedonia 1 845 40.7 59.3 45.7 54.3
Europe Kosovar 1 912 37.4 62.6 43.0 57.0
Latin America Venezuela 3 1 771 39.3 60.7 50.5 49.5
Middle East Syria 1 522 39.6 60.4 49.9 50.1
  1. DRC Democratic Republic of Congo; CAR Central African Republic; Congo-B Congo Brazzaville