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Table 3 Clinical characteristics associated with treatment outcome

From: Treatment outcome among children under-five years hospitalized with severe acute malnutrition in St. Mary’s hospital Lacor, Northern Uganda

  Cured N = 168(%) Died N = 30(%) Potentially unsatisfactory N = 53(%) χ 2 P-value
Vomiting
Yes 41(65.0) 11(17.5) 11(17.5) 2.710 0.258
No 127(67.6) 19(10.1) 42(22.3)   
Diarrhoea
Yes 85(65.9) 21(16.3) 23(17.8) 5.557 0.062
No 83(68.0) 9 (7.4) 30(24.6)   
Duration of diarrhoea
≥14 days 16(61.5) 8 (30.8) 2(7.7) 5.654 0.059
<14 days 70(66.7) 14(13.3) 21(20.0)   
Oral thrush
Yes 10(58.8) 4(23.5) 3(17.7) 2.328 0.312
No 158(67.5) 26(11.1) 50(21.4)   
Visible severe wasting
Yes 61(63.5) 16(16.7) 19(19.8) 3.287 0.197
No 107(69.0) 14(9.1) 34(21.9)   
Temperature <35 °C
Yes 6(40.0) 5(33.3) 4(26.7) 7.788 0.020*
No 158(68.4) 25(10.8) 48(20.8)   
Dehydration
Yes 32(61.5) 11(21.2) 9(17.3) 5.382 0.068
No 136(68.3) 19(9.6) 44(22.1)   
IV fluids
Yes 16(39.0) 13(31.7) 12(29.3) 32.188 <0.001*
No 137(75.7) 9(5.0) 35(19.3)   
Blood transfusion
Yes 15(51.7) 8(27.6) 6(20.7) 17.797 <0.001*
No 137(75.7) 9(5.0) 35(19.3)   
  1. Chi-squared (d.f. = 2) reported for categorical variables, *P-value significant (<0.05)