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Table 3 Correlation of meat availability to three variables defined by BMI in different country groupings

From: Meat consumption providing a surplus energy in modern diet contributes to obesity prevalence: an ecological analysis

Country groupings BMI ≥30 BMI ≥25 BMI, Mean
Worldwide (n = 167) 0.666*** 0.800*** 0.656***
World Bank income classifications  
  Low (n = 31) 0.167 0.254 0.196
  Low middle (n = 41) 0.439** 0.537*** 0.465**
  Upper middle (n = 47) 0.167 0.149 0.209
  High (n = 48) 0.241 0.631*** 0.288*
WHO regions  
  AFRO (n = 40) 0.585*** 0.612*** 0.552***
  AMRO (n = 35) 0.671*** 0.606*** 0.546***
  EMRO (n = 15) 0.857*** 0.879*** 0.634*
  EURO (n = 50) 0.429** 0.751*** 0.128
  SEARO (n = 10) −0.267 −0.097 0.322
  WPRO (n = 17) 0.309 0.478 0.447
Countries grouped based on various factors  
  APEC (n = 17) 0.773*** 0.858*** 0.789***
  Arab World (n = 13) 0.687** 0.687** 0.426
  LAC (n = 26) 0.609*** 0.519** 0.487**
  OECD (n = 34) 0.243 0.607*** 0.285
  SADC (n = 14) 0.890*** 0.952*** 0.802***
  ACD (n = 26) 0.593*** 0.720*** 0.707***
  LA (n = 20) 0.557* 0.675*** 0.433
  1. Spearman’s rho of correlation is reported. Number of countries included in the analysis range from 161 to 170. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001
  2. BMI ≥ 30 and BMI ≥ 25 are percentages of defined population with a body mass index (BMI) of no less than 30 kg/m2 and 25 kg/m2 respectively. BMI mean is the mean body mass index (BMI) in kg/m2 of defined population
  3. Availabilities of food types (meat, fats, fruits, fibers and starch) and macronutrients (meat protein, animal protein (excl. meat protein), plant protein, animal fats, plant fats and carbohydrates) are expressed in g/capita/day