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Table 3 Simple logistic regression models showing the determinants of underweight and stunting among the study population

From: Malnutrition and associated factors in children: a comparative study between public and private schools in Hohoe Municipality, Ghana

Exploratory variables Underweight Stunting
n/N(%) AOR (95 % CI) P-value n/N(%) AOR (95 % CI) P-value
School type
 Public 55/417(13.2) 7.5(2.4–23) 0.001 49/417(11.6) 2.7(0.8–8.8) 0.108
 Private 4/216(1.85) Reference   5/215(2.3) Reference  
Sex
 Male 28/312(9.0) Reference   26/321(8.1) Reference  
 Female 31/321(9.7) 0.9 (0.5–1.5) 0.611 28/312(9.0) 1.1(0.6–1.9) 0.855
Location of school
 Urban 19/342(5.6) Reference   12/341(3.5) Reference  
 Rural 40/291(13.8) 1.2 (0.6–2.5) 0.663 42/291(14.4) 2.6(1.0–6.4) 0.043
Age of pupils (years)
 3–5 10/116(8.6) Reference   9/115(7.8) Reference  
 6–12 49/517(9.5) 1.1(0.4–3.5) 0.828 45/517(8.7) 0.7(0.3–4.7) 0.637
Guardian occupation
 Formal 7/46(15.2) Reference   6/46(13.0) Reference  
 Petty trader 10/239(4.2) 0.2 (0.1–0.6) 0.002 7/239(2.9) 0.2(0.1–1) 0.003
 Unemployed 9/81(11.1) 0.5(0.2–1.6) 0.268 6/80(7.5) 0.5(0.1–1.7) 0.270
 Artisan 9/89(10.1) 0.5 (0.2–1.6) 0.256 10/89(11.2) 0.8(0.2–2.3) 0.627
 Farmer 24/178(13.5) 0.4(0.2–1.2) 0.099 25/178(14.0) 0.5(0.2–1.4) 0.173
Fruit consumption ≥3 times weekly
 Yes 11/160(6.9) Reference   8/159(5.0) Reference  
 No 48/473(10.2) 1.0 (0.5–2.2) 0.932 46/473(9.7) 1.4(0.6–3.4) 0.394
Eats breakfast every morning before school
 Yes 54/595(9.1) Reference   52/594(8.8) Reference  
 No 5/38(13.2) 1.8(0.6–5.1) 0.298 2/38(5.3) 0.7(0.1–3.2) 0.596
Frequency of meals in a day
 Twice daily 3/10(30.0) 6.8(1.4–32.2) 0.016 2/10(20.0) 7.2(1.2–43.7) 0.033
 3 times daily 47/466(10.1) Reference   48/465(10.3) Reference  
 4 times daily 9/157(5.7) 1.2(0.5–2.7) 0.743 4/157(2.6) 0.4(0.1–1.1) 0.084
Class group
 Kindergarten 15/167(9.0) 1.0 (0.5–2.3) 0.707 12/166(7.2) 0.5(0.2–21.7) 0.282
 Lower primary 26/242(10.7) Reference   24/242(9.9) Reference  
 Upper primary 18/224(8.0) 0.7 (0.4–1.4) 0.307 18/224(8.0) 1.2(0.6–2.5) 0.596
Prob > chi2 = 0.0000, Pseudo R2 = 0.1143 Prob > chi2 = 0.0000, Pseudo R2 = 0.1340