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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of participants by diet assignment

From: A randomized controlled trial of the effects of a prudent diet on cardiovascular risk factors, gene expression, and DNA methylation - the Diet and Genetic Intervention (DIGEST) Pilot study

  Prudent (n = 46) Western (n = 38) P-value
Sex, n (%)a
 Male 14 (30.4) 12 (31.6) 1.00
 Female 32 (69.6) 26 (68.4)
Ethnicity, n (%)a
 White 34 (73.1) 30 (79.0) 0.32
 Black/African Canadian 2 (4.4) 0 (0.0)  
 Asian 8 (17.3) 8 (21.1)  
 Other 2 (4.4) 0 (0.0)  
Age, mean (SD)b 44.1 (19.9) 43.6 (19.1) 0.92
Body weight (kg)b 72.4 (16.3) 69.2 (13.2) 0.32
Height (cm)b 166.7 (8.9) 166.3 (9.4) 0.80
Body-mass index (kg/m2)b 26.1 (5.6) 25.1 (4.5) 0.37
Percent body fat 27.9 (9.0) 28.6 (11.7) 0.72
Waist circumference 80.8 (13.6) 78.0 (12.4) 0.34
 Women 79.2 (14.9) 74.2 (11.2) 0.17
 Men 84.8 (10.1) 86.6 (11.3) 0.67
Blood pressure (mmHg)
 Systolicb 117.6 (17.1) 113.1 (17.9) 0.25
 Diastolicb 74.2 (10.5) 73.9 (9.7) 0.87
Lipids (mmol/L)
 Total Cholesterolb 4.98 (1.31) 5.30 (1.07) 0.23
 HDL-Cb 1.50 (0.40) 1.47 (0.41) 0.72
  Women 1.55 (0.36) 1.56 (0.40) 0.97
  Men 1.35 (0.44) 1.23 (0.26) 0.40
 Non-HDL-Cb 3.48 (1.17) 3.83 (0.94) 0.14
  Women 3.64 (1.24) 3.73 (1.03) 0.76
  Men 2.98 (0.75) 3.95 (0.73) 0.003
  1. Data are presented as: acounts (% of diet group), bMean (standard deviation)