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Table 3 Baseline nutrient intake of participants (mean of 7-day diet histories) by diet assignment

From: A randomized controlled trial of the effects of a prudent diet on cardiovascular risk factors, gene expression, and DNA methylation - the Diet and Genetic Intervention (DIGEST) Pilot study

Nutrient Prudent (n = 40) Western (n = 34)
Energy (kcal/d) 2030 (546) 1872 (508)
Total protein (% energy) 17.2 (3.2) 17.9 (3.3)
Available carbohydrate (% energy) 46.6 (8.6) 47.6 (5.9)
Total dietary fiber (g/2000 kcal) 21.9 (7.4) 23.9 (7.8)
Total fat (% energy) 33.8 (6.3) 31.3 (4.3)
Saturated (% energy) 11.6 (2.9) 10.7 (2.5)
Polyunsaturated (% energy) 5.2 (2.0) 5.0 (1.4)
Monounsaturated (% energy) 10.4 (4.0) 9.2 (2.6)
P:S ratio 0.47 (0.19) 0.49 (0.18)
Dietary cholesterol (mg/2000 kcal) 306 (111) 334 (142)
Alcohol (% energy) 2.8 (3.3) 2.0 (3.1)
Vitamin C (mg/2000 kcal) 93 (52) 102 (46)
Potassium (mg/2000 kcal) 2455 (609) 2529 (694)
Magnesium (mg/2000 kcal) 253 (74) 266 (72)
Sodium (mg/2000 kcal) 2584 (605) 2705 (656)
Vegetables (cup eq./2000 kcal) 1.6 (1.0) 1.8 (0.9)
Fruits (cup eq./2000 kcal) 1.4 (0.9) 1.4 (0.9)
Fruits & Veg (cup eq./2000 kcal) 3.1 (1.4) 3.2 (1.3)
  1. Data are presented as means (SD). Significant between-diet differences are denoted by † at P < 0.05 (independent samples t-test)