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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of mothers and children under 5 years old in Rwanda DHS 2010

From: Risk factors associated with underweight status in children under five: an analysis of the 2010 Rwanda Demographic Health Survey (RDHS)

Characteristic N (weighted) %
Underweight (weight-for-age < -2sd) (N = 4,117)   
 No 3708 88.6
 Yes 469 11.4
Severe underweight (weight-for-age < -3sd) (N = 4,117)   
 No 4027 97.8
 Yes 90 2.2
Child age (N = 4,177)   
  < 12 months 793 19.0
 12–23 months 800 19.1
 24–35 months 900 21.5
 36–47 months 845 20.2
 48–59 months 839 20.1
Child sex (N = 4,176)   
 Boys 2101 50.3
 Girls 2075 49.7
Child size at birth (N = 4,159)   
 Not small at birth 3521 84.7
 Small at birth 638 15.3
Birth interval (from previous birth) (N = 4,176)   
 Singleton first-born 1014 24.3
 Singleton birth <2 years 624 14.9
 Singleton birth > =2 years 2437 58.4
 Multiple births 101 2.4
Mother age in year (N = 4,176)   
 15–24 755 18.1
 25–34 2255 54.0
 35–49 1166 27.9
Mother’s highest level of educational (N = 4,176)   
 No education 803 19.2
 Primary 3016 72.2
 Secondary or higher 357 8.6
Mother occupation (N = 4,174)   
 Not working 415 9.9
 Skilled worker 374 9.0
 Unskilled worker 3385 81.1
Marital status (N = 4,174)   
 Single 255 6.1
 Married/partnered 3573 85.6
 Separated/divorced 348 8.3
Delivery assisted by health professional (N = 4,176)   
 Yes 2919 69.9
 No 1257 30.1
Sex of the household head (N = 4,176)   
 Female 877 21.0
 Male 3299 79.0
Residence (N = 4,176)   
 Urban 484 11.6
 Rural 3692 88.4
Wealth quintile (N = 4,176)   
 Top 2 1480 35.4
 Middle 848 20.3
 Bottom 2 1848 44.2
Toilet cleanness upon inspection (N = 4,159)   
 Not cleaned 2717 65.3
 Yes cleaned 1442 34.7
Quality of toilet (N = 4,075)   
 Unimproved shared 203 5.0
 Improved shared 575 14.1
 Improved not shared 2431 59.7
 Unimproved not shared 866 21.2
Proximity to improved water source (N = 4,155)   
 Water on premise 167 4.0
  < 30 minutes 1787 43.2
  > =30 minutes 2181 52.7
 Missing 42  
Water treatment (N = 4,177)   
 No 2118 50.7
 Yes 2058 49.3
 Missing 1  
 Total 4177 100