Skip to main content

Table 3 Major weaning foods eaten by malnourished and well-nourished children attending PML Children’s Hospital in Accra, Ghana

From: Feeding practices and malnutrition at the Princess Marie Louise Children’s hospital, Accra: what has changed after 80 years?

Type of weaning food Nutritional status of child   
Malnourished Well-nourished   Food composition per 100 g
N = 169 N = 171  
n, %1 n, %1 p-value Water (g) Energy (kcal) Protein (g) Iron (mg) Vitamin A2 (IU)
Maize gruel with sugar 66 (39.1) 43 (25.1) 0.006 90.50 37.89 0.57 0.58 NA
Maize gruel with sugar and milk 62 (36.7) 50 (29.2) 0.144 88.19 51.35 1.44 0.52 12.73
Solids 30 (17.8) 65 (38.0) <0.001      
Rice with tomato stew     71.00 116.88 2.06 0.59 20.00
“Banku” with okro stew     78.20 86.67 2.23 3.67 NA
“Fufu” with palmnut soup     70.00 263.70 1.95 2.47 380.00
Beans with palmoil, cassava grit and plantain     50.11 226.15 3.87 1.39 418.63
Yam with “kontomire” stew     70.00 129.63 2.12 0.65 369.14
Cerelac® (dry mixture) 24 (14.2) 41 (24.0) 0.022 2.50 411.00 15.50 7.50 309.00
Weanimix (“Tom Brown”-dry mixture) 16 (9.5) 14 (8.2) 0.677 7.30 374.00 9.10 7.40 NA
“Mpotompoto” 7 (4.1) 13 (7.6) 0.175 78.50 97.14 0.82 1.06 146.90
Beverage 3 (1.8) 8 (4.7) 0.130      
Milo®     87.00 29.17 1.34 0.77 13.00
Orange juice     86.20 53.00 0.20 0.11 NA
Soy milk     89.40 40.00 2.80 0.40 NA
“Iced kenkey” 4 (2.4) 3 (1.8) 0.691 87.50 48.91 1.23 0.96 9.35
  1. 1Percentages may add up to >100 since multiple answers apply; 2Retinol equivalent; NA = values not available; Weanimix (‘Tom Brown”) = cereal/legume blend; “Mpotompoto” = traditional food prepared from tubers such as yam, cocoyam or potatoes with vegetables, fish and palm-oil; Beverage = Chocolate drink, soy milk or fruit juice; “Iced kenkey” = fermented cooked maize meal which is mashed, diluted with water and has sugar added to it; “Fufu” = Pounded yam, cocoyam, plantain and/or cassava; “Banku” = cooked maize ball made of fermented maize powder; “Kontomire” = a stew of cocoyam leaves in palm-oil base tomato sauce resembling spinach stew; Reference values were from Microdiet version 3.1 [41], Eyeson and Ankrah, 1975 [42] and ESHA [43]