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Table 2 Risk factors for severe malnutrition among undernourished children admitted at Bugando Medical Centre

From: Prevalence of undernutrition and risk factors of severe undernutrition among children admitted to Bugando Medical Centre in Mwanza, Tanzania

Risk factors Malnutrition Unadjusted Adjusted
Severe (N = 178) n(%) Mild and moderate (N = 224) n (%) OR[95 % CI] P - value OR[95 % CI] P - value
Age
  ≥ 25 32 (25.2) 95 (74.8) 1    
 13-24 78 (53.1) 69 (46.9) 3.4(2.0–5.6) <0.001 2.7 (1.5-4.6) <0.001
 6-12 68 (53.1) 60 (46.9) 3.4(2.0–5.7) <0.001 2.5 (1.4-4.5) 0.001
Vaccination
 Yes 147 (41.1) 211 (58.9) 1    
 No/incomplete 31 (70.5) 13 (29.5) 3.4(1.7–6.8) <0.001 2.1(1.1–4.5) 0.042
Early-weaning
 No 61 (45.2) 74 (54.8) 1    
 Yes 117 (43.8) 150 (56.2) 0.9(0.6–1.4) 0.795 - -
Balanced diet
 Yes 5 (11.6) 38 (88.4) 1    
 No 173 (48.2) 186 (51.8) 7.1(2.7-18.4) <0.001 3.9(1.5-10.6) 0.007
Parent education
 College/University 3 (17.6) 14 (82.4) 1   1.0(0.2–4.6)  
 Secondary 11 (30.6) 25 (69.4) 2.1(0.5-8.6) 0.32 2.4(0.6–9.2) 0.990
 Primary 128 (48.1) 138 (51.9) 4.3(1.2-15.4) 0.02 2.0(0.5–8.4) 0.193
 Non formal 36 (43.4) 47 (56.6) 3.6(0.9-13.4) 0.06   0.297
Family Income (month)
  ≥ 50, 000 (Tsh*) 53 (39.8) 80 (60.2) 1    
  < 50,000 (Tsh*) 125 (46.5) 144 (53.5) 1.3(0.9 -1.9) 0.209 - -
Single Parent
 No 119 (37.4) 199 (62.6) 1    <0.001
 Yes 59 (70.2) 25 (29.8) 3.9(2.3–6.6) <0.001 3.4(1.9–5.9)
  1. *Tsh is Tanzanian shillings