Skip to main content

Table 2 Absolute food intake data (g/day) are presented with mean (SD) and median (25th and 75th percentiles) for women and men separately

From: Carotenoids and alkylresorcinols as objective biomarkers of diet quality when assessing the validity of a web-based food record tool and a food frequency questionnaire in a middle-aged population

  Riksmaten intakes (g/day) MiniMeal-Q intakes (g/day)  
Mean ± SD Median (25th and 75th percentile) Mean ± SD Median (25th and 75th percentile) P-valuea
Women
 Fruits and vegetablesb
  vegetables 175 ± 118 156 (96, 228) 155 ± 89 134 (86, 202) 0.105
  fruit + berries 166 ± 150 144 (70, 218) 168 ± 140 130 (62, 250) 0.708
  juice 44 ± 72 0 (0, 50) 68 ± 151 0 (13, 34) 0.046
  total intakec 374 ± 249 346 (192, 480) 335 ± 205 264 (188, 446) 0.122
β-carotene (μg) 2314 ± 1778 1971 (1035, 3094) 3605 ± 2222 3102 (1825, 5157) <0.001
Whole grainsd      
  wholegrain wheat 8.6 ± 8.3 6.8 (2.7, 11.7) 11.2 ± 9.2 9.4 (3.3, 16.0) 0.003
  wholegrain rye 10.7 ± 10.5 7.6 (3.9, 16.2) 14.4 ± 19.3 9.6 (0.3, 21.1) 0.152
  Total wheat + rye 19.3 ± 13.3 17.3 (9.6, 26.0) 25.6 ± 25.1 21.2 (6.6, 35.6) 0.025
Men
 Fruits and vegetablese      
  vegetables 182 ± 106 164 (108, 225) 145 ± 79 130 (87, 195) <0.001
  fruit + berries 130 ± 111 100 (48, 191) 161 ± 185 104 (53, 226) 0.172
  juice 56 ± 94 0 (0, 100) 71 ± 98 34 (13, 100) 0.004
  total intakec 340 ± 176 303 (220, 419) 317 ± 223 262 (182, 410) 0.009
β-carotene (μg) 2431 ± 1844 1836 (1145, 3652) 3060 ± 1877 2654 (1595, 4300) <0.001
Whole grainsf      
  wholegrain wheat 10.5 ± 10.7 7.3 (2.4, 16.3) 12.7 ± 11.1 9.0 (4.0, 18.2) 0.034
  wholegrain rye 14.7 ± 13.2 13.3 (3.9, 20.7) 14.6 ± 17.4 8.9 (0.7, 21.7) 0.396
  Total wheat + rye 25.1 ± 17.6 21.7 (13.4, 32.7) 27.5 ± 23.5 22.4 (6.2, 41.0) 0.919
  1. aRelated samples Wilcoxon signed rank test
  2. bn = 94
  3. cTotal reported intake from carotenoid-containing plant derived foods e.g. vegetables, fruits, berries and juice
  4. dn = 92; en = 96
  5. fn = 93