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Table 2 Selected food intake by dietary patterns (clusters) identified at baseline among older adults (≥40 yrs) participating in the COBRA study- Pakistan

From: Do dietary patterns explain high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among Pakistani urban adults? A cross-sectional study

Food Items No. of Servings per week
Cluster 1 (Traditional Pakistani diet pattern) (n = 447) Cluster 2 (Moderate diet pattern) (n = 745) Cluster 3 (Fatty diet pattern) (n = 354)
Eggs 1.68 1.05 1.51
Paratha .90 .60 2.10
Tandoori Nan 1.39 1.19 1.10
Halwa Puri .27 .25 .36
Whole Milk .79 .62 1.09
Milk Without Cream 2.56 .76 .91
Cream .55 .38 .57
Milk Dessert .82 .42 .67
Ice cream .56 .27 .43
Dahi (Yogurt) 3.96 1.02 1.65
Lassi (Yogurt Drink) .61 .28 .51
Salty Lasi 1.71 .24 .27
Margarine .59 .40 .41
Butter .44 .16 .23
Mutton .52 .28 .37
Beef 1.52 2.05 2.23
Chicken 1.79 1.20 1.46
Fish .74 .44 .46
Prawn .19 .09 .09
Organ Meats .27 .20 .27
Food purchased From Outsidea .31 .21 .23
Cooked Vegetables 2.52 2.36 2.44
Potatoes 3.33 2.40 2.57
Raw Vegetables 4.85 1.71 2.70
Biryani/ Palow 1.18 .83 .94
Beans/Lentils/Dals/Peas 2.37 2.28 2.72
Fruits 5.19 1.76 2.55
Fresh Fruit Juices 1.33 .42 .70
Bakery Products 1.99 .91 .81
Mitai/ Halwa (Pakistani Desserts) .49 .34 .37
Fried Snacks .87 .56 .79
Nuts .81 .50 .62
Chocolate .54 .34 .45
  1. Bold: indicates the most consumption for the food among 3 clusters
  2. aIncluded Pakistani foods such as kata kat, karahi, nehari as well as burgers, pizza