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Table 2 Characteristics of the studies included (N = 21)

From: Anthropometric indices and measures to assess change in the nutritional status of a population: a systematic literature review

Continent a N (%)
 Africa 11 (52)
 Asia 9 (43)
 Latin America 1(5)
Setting N (%)
 Rural 15 (71)
 Urban 3 (14)
 Both 3 (14)
Type of study N (%)
 Longitudinal study 9 (43)
 Repeated cross-sectional studies 7 (33)
 Cohort 3 (14)
 Secondary data analysis 1(5)
 Growth monitoring data (health centre) 1(5)
Age group N (%)
 0 to 59 months 4 (19)
 6 to 59 months 4 (19)
 12 to 59 months 3 (14)
 6 to 36 months 2 (10)
 Otherb 8 (38)
Independent variable N (%)
 Seasonal change 17 (81)
 Devaluation of CFA franc 1(5)
 Drought and financial crisis 1997/1998 1(5)
 Herd dynamic, food, biophysical and seasonality 1(5)
 Seasonal change and change over the years 1(5)
Dependent variable N (%)
 WFHL 18 (86)
 WFA 13 (62)
 H/LFA 12 (57)
 MUAC 7 (33)
 Weight 7 (33)
 Height 7 (33)
 MUAC-for-Age 3 (14)
 Otherc 6 (29)
Number of dependent variables N (%)
 One 4 (19)
 Two 1(5)
 Three 8 (38)
 Four 1(5)
 Five 4 (19)
 Six + 3 (14)
Variable treatment N (%)
 Change in mean and prevalence of indice(s) 10 (48)
 Change in mean indice(s) 7 (33)
 Change in prevalence of indice(s) 6 (29)
 Standard N (%)
 NCHS 11 (52)
 WHO 7 (33)
 Harvard 2 (10)
 CDC-2000 1(5)
Unit N (%)
 Z-score 14 (67)
 % median 5 (24)
 % of median & Z-score 2 (10)
  1. HH Household; WFH Weight-For-Height; WFL Weight-For-Lenght; HFA Height-for-Age; LFA Lenght-for-Age WFA Weight-for-Age; MUAC Middle-Upper Arm Circumference; NCHS National Center for Health Statistics; WHO World Health Organisation; CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  2. aAfrica: 2 in Ethiopia, 2 in Kenya and 1 in each of the following: Chad, Congo, Malawi, Niger, Senegal, Zimbabwe; Asia: 4 in Bangladesh and 1 in each of the following: India, Indonesia, Vietnam, West Timor, Nepal; South America: Peru
  3. b0 to 36 months, 6 to 36 months, 6 to 72 months, 0 to 50 months, 6 to 24 months, 12 to 36 months, 24 to 59 months, 6 months to 10 years
  4. cBody Mass Index (BMI), Head Circumference (HC), Triceps SkinFold (TSF), TSF-for-Age, Subscapular SkinFold (SSF), Muscle Circumference (MC), birth weight