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Table 2 Mean usual intakes by Healthy U.S.-Style Eating Pattern food groups and percentage of 2- and 3-year olds below or above recommended amounts

From: Usual food intakes of 2- and 3-year old U.S. children are not consistent with dietary guidelines

   2- and 3-year olds 2-year olds 3-year olds
Food Group Recommended daily intake amounta Mean usual intake
Mean (SE)
% Below Mean usual intake
Mean (SE)
% Below Mean usual intake
Mean (SE)
% Below
Vegetablesb 1 cup 0.64 (0.01) 91.4 0.64 (0.01) 92.1 0.63 (0.01) 91.7
Red and orange vegetablesc 0.36 cup 0.22 (0.00) 99.3 0.21 (0.00) 94.2 0.22 (0.00) 93.0
Starchy vegetablesc 0.29 cup 0.22 (0.00) 75.9 0.24 (0.00) 77.1 0.21 (0.01) 77.3
Other vegetablesc 0.21 cup 0.14 (0.00) 84.5 0.14 (0.00) 88.4 0.15 (0.00) 79.8
Fruits 1 cup 1.49 (0.02) 32.1 1.52 (0.03) 28.2 1.45 (0.04) 36.0
Whole fruitd 0.5 cup 0.82 (0.01) 27.4 0.87 (0.02) 23.5 0.76 (0.02) 33.9
Grains 3 oz. 4.16 (0.03) 16.3 3.96 (0.05) 23.1 4.37 (0.04) 11.1
Whole grains 1.5 oz. 0.85 (0.01) 93.6 0.91 (0.03) 84.4 0.78 (0.01) 98.3
Dairy 2 cups 2.21 (0.03) 47.7 2.18 (0.05) 49.9 2.23 (0.04) 45.6
Protein foodse 2 oz. 2.59 (0.03) 31.9 2.49 (0.05) 39.5 2.69 (0.03) 19.5
Oilsf 15 g 7.18 (0.07) ≥99 6.47 (0.04) ≥99 7.90 (0.14) ≥99
    % Above   % Above   % Above
Discretionary Calories from Solid Fats + Added Sugarsf,g 150 calories 409 (3.6) ≥99 385 (4.5) ≥99 434 (1.2) ≥99
  1. SE standard error
  2. aRecommended amounts are based on a 1000 calorie USDA Healthy U.S.-Style Eating Pattern. For all items other than discretionary calories (defined here as calories from solid fat and added sugars), recommended amounts are minimums. The recommendation for discretionary calories is the maximum allowance
  3. bWe were unable to reliably estimate usual intake distributions for dark green vegetables and legumes because so few children consumed these foods. Dark green vegetables and legumes are, however, included in the total vegetables category
  4. cRecommended amounts for vegetable subgroups reflect weekly recommendations divided by 7
  5. dWhole fruit is included here to assess the recommendation that at least half of fruit servings come from whole fruits
  6. eLegumes were first allocated the meat and beans group; any amount remaining after the protein foods recommendation was met were counted toward the legumes and total vegetable groups
  7. fPoint estimates are considered to be imprecise because of very common effect; all were calculated between 99 and 100% and are shown here as >99
  8. gCalories from solid fat and added sugars were computed as follows: (solid fat (g) * 9 calories) + (added sugars (tsp) * 16 calories)