Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Family Demographic Characteristics and Nutrition/Oral Health Practices

From: Early childhood caries and malnutrition: baseline and two-year follow-up results of a community-based prevention intervention in Rural Ecuador

  Baseline (2011) 2-year Follow-up (2013)
Demographic Characteristics (N = 321 mothers, 731 children) (N = 236 mothers, 698 children)
Child mean age, years 3.5 (SD 1.9) 3.7 (SD 1.8)
Child gender, %M, F 53.7% M, 46.3%F 49.6% M, 50.4% F
Child immunizations up-to-date 82.9% 91.2%
Mother age, years 30.8 (SD 9.0) 30.0 (SD 8.5)
Mother years of school 7.8 (SD 4.5) 9.3 (SD 3.6)
Mother received prenatal care 81.0% 89.7%
Number of children 3.8 (SD 2.6) 3.6 (SD 2.3)
Number living in the household 6.9 (SD 3.0) 6.5 (SD 2.8)
Potable water at home 32.2% 34.7%
Electricity in home 86.8% 89.0%
Cooks with non-wood fuel 86.1% 89.4%
Home located within a 5-min walk to a store that sells junk food 70.6% 77.1%
Nutrition Practices
 Child ever breast fed 97.6% 98.2%
 Child ever bottle fed 37.9% 33.8%
 Child consumes any junk food (e.g., candy, chips, ice pop, soda) ≥ 1/day 42.4% 21.3%a
Oral Health Practices
 Mother brushes child’s teeth 78.4% 78.7%
 Child ever been to the dentist 66.1% 66.0%
  1. aP = <0.001χ2 test