Skip to main content

Table 2 Determinants of Food Insecurity among Coffee Producing Households of Jimma Zone, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Gender and education as predictors of food insecurity among coffee farming households of the Jimma zone, Southwest of Ethiopia

Variables Response Total Food Insecure
N (%)
Food Secure
N (%)
Crude Odds Ratio
(95% C.I)
Adjusted Odds Ratio
(95% C.I)
P value
Agricultural Input Utilization Yes 406 265(65) 141(35) 0.69(0.51,0.95) 0.72(0.49,1.08) 0.12
No 343 250(73) 93(27) 1.00
Access To Credit Service Yes 330 188(57) 142(43) 0.37(0.27,0.51) 0.41(0.31,0.58) <0.01*
No 419 327(78) 92(22) 1.00
Agricultural Extension Package Yes 356 232(65) 124(35) 0.72(0.53,0.99) 1.04(0.70,1.55) 0.85
No 393 283(72) 110(28) 1.00
Food Purchasing Gender Male 276 218(79) 58(21) 2.22(1.57,3.14) 2.30(1.58,3.33) <0.01*
Female 473 297(63) 176(37) 1.00
Wealth Index Higher 293 200(68) 93(32) 1.00 0.25
Medium 271 175(65) 96(35) 0.84(0.59,1.20) 0.77(0.52,1.13) 0.18
Lower 185 140(76) 45(24) 1.44(0.95,2.19) 1.09(0.69,1.71) 0.72
Household head Education Formal Education 583 380(65) 203(35) 0.43(0.28,0.65) 0.61(0.38,0.99) 0.04*
No Formal education 166 135(81) 31(19) 1.00
Spouse Education Formal Education 511 331(65) 180(35) 0.54(0.37,0.76) 0.64(0.42,0.97) 0.04*
No Formal education 238 184(77) 54(23) 1.00
Sex Of The Household Head Female 75 50(75) 25(25) 0.89(0.54,1.42) 0.86(0.49,1.52) 0.60
Male 674 465(69) 209(31)
Land Size <=0.5 Hectares 364 249(68) 115(32) 0.96(0.71,1.31) 1.05(0.75,1.46) 0.78
>0.5 Hectares 385 266(69) 119(31) 1.00
Marital Status Married 685 461(67) 224(33) 0.38(0.19,0.76) 0.54(0.25,1.14) 0.11
Widowed/
Divorced
64 54(84) 10(16) 1.00
Family Size 1.16(1.06,1.27) 1.10(0.99,1.22) 0.09
Dependency Ratio 2.03(0.75,5.41) 1.53(0.51, 4.59) 0.45
  1. *significant P < 0.05