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Table 2 Point prevalence (n./million of inhabitants) of home artificial nutrition (HAN), both parenteral (HPN) and enteral (HEN) by disease category, in Italy in 2012

From: Development of home artificial nutrition in Italy over a seven year period: 2005–2012

  Total cases Adult Paediatric
  HAN HPNa HEN HAN HPNa HEN HAN HPNa HEN
Oncological 63.5 28.8 34.7 61.6 28.2 33.4 1.9 0.6 1.3
Neurological 212.2 7.1 205.1 193.3 5.7 187.5 18.9 1.3 17.6
GI disease 21.3 11.7 9.6 15.8 9.4 6.4 5.5 2.3 3.1
Other 30.4 3.8 26.5 24.2 3.4 20.8 6.1 0.4 5.7
  1. apatients receiving both HPN and HEN were included in the HPN group
  2. Population sample: 44.36 million inhabitants (73.2% of total Italian population)