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Table 4 Comparison between 2005 and 2012 point prevalence (n. per million inhabitants) of home artificial nutrition (HAN), both parenteral (HPN) and enteral (HEN), in Italy, calculated as the 2012 to 2005 ratio

From: Development of home artificial nutrition in Italy over a seven year period: 2005–2012

  2012: 2005 prevalence ratio
  Total cases Oncological Neurological GI disease Other
National      
 HAN 1.66 1.34 1.76 2.67 1.54
 HPNa 1.58 1.57 1.88 2.07 1.14
 HEN 1.68 1.20 1.74 4.36 1.67
Adult      
 HAN 1.61 1.32 1.67 2.62 1.60
 HPNa 1.55 1.55 1.59 1.98 1.11
 HEN 1.62 1.18 1.67 4.99 1.73
Paediatric      
 HAN 3.29 2.47 3.43 2.81 0.48
 HPNa 2.16 4.68 10.14 2.24 0.21
 HEN 2.55 2.03 3.27 3.45 0.53
  1. apatients receiving both HPN and HEN were included in the HPN group
  2. Total cases and cases by age and disease categories