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Table 5 Serum concentrations (mean and 95% CI) of biomarkers by quintiles of dietary pattern scores among girls

From: Associations between dietary patterns and biomarkers of nutrient status and cardiovascular risk factors among adolescents in Germany: results of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents in Germany (KiGGS)

Dietary pattern ‘Western and traditional’ ‘Healthy’
Q1 (lowest) Q3 Q5 (highest) P Q1 (lowest) Q3 Q5 (highest) P
Folate 1 (ng/ml)a,b 10 10.2 9.4 0.055 9.9 9.4 9.4 0.452
N = 1203 (9.3–10.6) (9.5–11.0) (8.6–10.2)   (9.1–10.7) (8.8–10.0) (8.7–10.1)  
Folate 2 (ng/ml)a,b 8.0 7.2 5.8 0.017 6.8 7.4 8.6 0.039
N = 714 (7.2–8.7) (6.7–7.7) (4.8–6.8)   (6.1–7.4) (6.8–7.9) (7.0–10.2)  
Vitamin B12 (ng/l)a,b 520 498 486 0.474 490 500 528 0.385
N = 1920 (496–544) (477–519) (453–518)   (468–512) (475–524) (498–558)  
Ferritin (μg/l)a,c 34.5 31.6 32.6 0.252 31.5 34.1 35.6 0.092
N = 1992 (31.9–37.2) (29.6–33.7) (29.8–35.5)   (29.2–33.8) (31.2–36.9) (32.2–38.9)  
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)d,e 113 114 112 0.125 112 114 113 0.255
N = 2024 (112–114) (113–115) (111–113)   (111–113) (112–115) (112–115)  
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)d,e 68 68.3 67.7 0.757 67.5 67.9 68.3 0.669
N = 2024 (67.1–68.9) (67.5–69.1) (66.7–68.6)   (66.7–68.3) (67.2–68.6) (67.3–69.3)  
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl)d,f 164 161 164 0.443 165 160 162 0.173
N = 1743 (161–168) (157–164) (160–169)   (162–169) (157–163) (159–166)  
HDL-C (mg/dl)d,f 58.1 56.9 59 0.355 58.7 58.4 58.2 0.665
N = 1743 (56.8–59.3) (55.6–58.2) (57.1–61.0)   (57.1–60.2) (57.0–59.7) (56.7–59.6)  
LDL-C (mg/dl)d,f 93.3 91.6 92 0.891 94 89 92.7 0.112
N = 1743 (90.2–98.4) (88.4–94.8) (88.1–96.0)   (91.0–97.0) (86.3–91.6) (89.0–96.3)  
Homocysteine (μmol/l)a 7.6 7.6 8.1 0.029 8.0 7.5 7.4 0.002
N = 2021 (7.3–7.9) (7.3–7.9) (7.7–8.5)   (7.7–8.3) (7.2–7.8) (7.0–7.8)  
Uric acid (mg/dl)a 4.4 4.3 4.3 0.586 4.3 4.3 4.4 0.204
N = 2036 (4.2–4.5) (4.1–4.4) (4.1–4.5)   (4.1–4.4) (4.1–4.4) (4.2–4.6)  
HbA1c (%)a,g 4.8 4.9 4.9 0.391 4.8 4.8 4.8 0.687
N = 2023 (4.8–4.9) (4.8–4.9) (4.8–5.0)   (4.8–4.9) (4.8–4.9) (4.7–4.9)  
  1. Abbreviations: CI Confidence interval, HbA1c Glycohaemoglobin, HDL-C High density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. aadjusted for age (years), hours physical acitivty per week (continuous), smoking status (yes/no), regular alcohol consumption (yes/no), and total energy intake (continous)
  3. bwithout persons with vitamin supplement use
  4. cwithout persons with mineral supplement use
  5. dadjusted for age (years), hours physical acitivty per week (continuous), smoking status (yes/no), regular alcohol consumption (yes/no), and total energy intake (continous) and BMI
  6. ewithout persons with cardiovascular medication
  7. fwithout persons with hormonal contraceptive use
  8. gwithout persons with diabetes or diabetes medication