Skip to main content

Table 3 General chacteristics of subject according to dietary patten groups

From: Association of dietary patterns with the fecal microbiota in Korean adolescents

  Traditional diet Modified Western diet P a
(n = 82) (n = 30)
Age (years) 13.9 ± 0.6 13.8 ± 0.7 0.2893
Male (n, %) 45 (54.9%) 19 (63.3%) 0.4233b
Height (cm) 164.7 ± 7.4 164.8 ± 7.3 0.8236
Weight (kg) 70.9 ± 24.6 90.1 ± 18.2 <0.0001
BMI (kg/m2) 25.9 ± 7.9 33.1 ± 5.8 <0.0001
Waist circumference (cm) 82.8 ± 20.3 100.4 ± 15.3 <0.0001
Fat percent (%) 30.9 ± 13.9 42.8 ± 10.7 <0.0001
Fat mass (g) 24.6 ± 17.9 40.0 ± 13.5 <0.0001
AST (IU/L) 23.3 ± 10.7 31.7 ± 18.1 0.0048
ALT (IU/L) 24.6 ± 26.8 47.2 ± 41.6 0.0016
Glucose (mg/dL) 92.6 ± 6.4 94.6 ± 10.3 0.2269
Triglyceride (mg/dL)c 99.1 ± 70.3 127.0 ± 63.9 0.0098
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 163 ± 28.7 179.9 ± 29.1 0.0024
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 50.0 ± 9.5 47.3 ± 10.2 0.1853
hs-CRPc 0.14 ± 0.14 0.35 ± 0.44 0.0002
Insulinc 17.4 ± 12.8 28.0 ± 31.1 0.0043
HOMA-IRc 4.0 ± 3.0 6.7 ± 8.0 0.0039
Obesity (n, %)d 32 (39.0%) 26 (86.7%) <0.0001b
Metabolic syndrome (n, %)) 14 (17.3%) 11 (36.7%) 0.0299b
  1. Data are expressed as the mean ± S.D or n (%)
  2. a P value was calculated by generlized linear regression analysis with age, sex and energy intakes
  3. b P value was obtained by Chi-squre test
  4. cData are log transformed prior to analysis
  5. dObesity was defined as those with a BMI ≥95th percentile or ≥25 kg/m2
  6. AST, aspartate aminotransferase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; hs-CRP, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance
\