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Table 5 Multivariable logistic regression analyses showing factors associated with minimum dietary diversity among pregnant women in Laikipia County, Kenya

From: Determinants of dietary diversity among pregnant women in Laikipia County, Kenya: a cross-sectional study

Variables n (%) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)b P value
Minimum dietary diversity
 Education level
  Primary 62 (24) 1.45 (0.82, 3.33) 1.69 (0.95, 3.67)  
  Secondary 131 (52) 2.24 (1.49, 5.83)a 2.78 (1.06, 5.32)a <0.001
  Tertiary 51 (20) 2.61 (1.75, 7.25)a 2.93 (1.40, 8.63)  
  None 10 (4) 1 1  
 Marital status
  Unmarried 29 (11) 0.76 (0.53, 1.11)a 1.49 (0.93, 3.00)  
  Married 225 (89) 1 1  
 Occupation
  Casual Labour 21 (8) 0.74 (0.36, 1.12) 0.66 (0.33, 1.20)  
  Housewife 85 (34) 1.00 (0.56, 2.13) 1.08 (0.88, 2.45)  
  Business 67 (26) 1.55 (0.68, 3.01) 1.39 (0.73, 3.23)  
  Farming 11 (4) 1.83 (0.82, 2.92) 1.68 (1.04, 3.65)  
  Employed (Salaried) 50 (20) 2.35 (1.11, 3.96)a 2.29 (1.18, 4.14)a 0.003
  Unemployed 20 (8) 1 1  
 Level of income (KSh)
  <10000 133 (52) 1 1  
  10000–20000 72 (28) 1.73 (1.27, 4.33) 1.65 (1.22, 5.39)  
  20001–30000 29 (12) 1.81 (0.96, 2.66)a 2.08 (1.32, 3.03)a <0.001
  30001–40000 11 (4) 2.32 (1.33, 3.56) 2.22 (1.15, 4.89)  
  >40000 9 (4) 3.63 (2.00, 6.75)a 3.90 (1.93, 9.44)  
 Land ownership
  No 100 (39) 0. 50 (0.56, 2.07)a 0.64 (0.44, 2.25)a 0.040
  Yes 154 (61) 1 1  
 Livestock ownership
  No 124 (49) 0.45 (0.11, 0.66)a 0.23 (0.28, 1.47)  
  Yes 130 (51) 1 1  
 Total household assets   1.73 (0.90, 2.41)a 1.93 (0.73, 6.90)a 0.030
 Morbidity
  Yes 146 (57) 0.56 (0.17, 1.39)a 0.78 (0.36, 2.34)a 0.010
  No 108 (43) 1 1  
 Source of lighting
  Electricity 199 (78) 1.69 (1.10, 3.98)a 1.80 (1.22, 5.85)  
  Solar 20 (8) 1.37 (0.86, 4.77) 1.55 (1.01, 4.63)  
  Pressure lamp 4 (2) 1.13 (0.64, 3.90) 1.04 (0.72, 2.12)  
  Kerosene lamp 31 (12) 1 1  
 Household head
 Male 225 (89) 1.35 (0.75, 1.82) 1.29 (0.73, 2.12)  
 Female 29 (11) 1 1  
  1. AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, COR Crude Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval. aStatistically significant association between minimum dietary diversity and the variable at p < 0.05. bAdjusted for socioeconomic and demographic characteristics (education level, marital status, occupation, household head, level of income, source of lighting, livestock ownership and household assets) and morbidity incidence