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Table 2 Urban versus rural setting: eating habits

From: Overweight and obesity and their associated factors among early adolescence school children in urban and rural Portugal

Parameter Urban (n = 57) Rural (n = 72) Total (n = 129) P
How often do you have breakfast? Never 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.4%) 1 (0.8%) 1.000
4 times a week or less 2 (3.5%) 3 (4.2%) 5 (3.9%)
Every day 55 (96.5%) 68 (94.4%) 123 (95.3%)
What do you have for breakfast? Coffee and cakes/cookies 24 (42.9%) 33 (45.8%) 57 (44.5%) 0.251
Plain milk/yogurt 15 (26.8%) 11 (15.3%) 26 (20.3%)
Bread with milk/yogurt 17 (30.4%) 28 (38.9%) 45 (35.2%)
Do you eat soup at lunch or dinner? Never 2 (3.5%) 3 (4.2%) 5 (3.9%) 0.209
4 times a week or less 9 (15.8%) 21 (29.2%) 30 (23.3%)
1 or more times a day 46 (80.7%) 48 (66.7%) 94 (72.9%)
Do you eat salad and/or boiled vegetables? Never 6 (10.5%) 5 (6.9%) 11 (8.5%) 0.191
4 times a week or less 21 (36.8%) 37 (51.4%) 59 (45.7%)
1 or more times a day 30 (52.6%) 29 (40.3%) 59 (45.7%)
Do you eat fish and/or meat? Never 0 (0.0%) 2 (2.8%) 2 (1.6%) 0.010
4 times a week or less 1 (1.8%) 3 (4.2%) 4 (3.1%)
More than 4 times a week 10 (17.5%) 27 (37.5%) 37 (28.7%)
Everyday 46 (80.7%) 40 (55.6%) 86 (66.7%)
Do you eat fruit? Never 2 (3.5%) 3 (4.2%) 5 (3.9%) <0.001
4 pieces a week or less 3 (5.3%) 14 (19.4%) 17 (13.2%)
1 or more pieces a day 29 (50.9%) 47 (65.3%) 76 (58.9%)
3 pieces a day 23 (40.4%) 8 (11.1%) 31 (24.0%)
Do you eat candies, pizza, hamburgers or ice-cream? Everyday 3 (5.3%) 12 (16.7%) 15 (11.6%) 0.006
4 times a week or less 12 (21.1%) 8 (11.1%) 20 (15.5%)
More than 4 times a week 17 (29.8%) 35 (48.6%) 52 (40.3%)
Rarely 25 (43.9%) 17 (23.6%) 42 (32.6%)
Do you drink carbonated or non-carbonated high calorie drinks? Everyday 7 (12.3%) 18 (25.0%) 25 (19.4%) <0.001
4 times a week or less 4 (7.0%) 13 (18.1%) 17 (13.2%)
More than 4 times a week 16 (28.1%) 29 (40.3%) 45 (34.9%)
Rarely 30 (52.6%) 12 (16.7%) 42 (32.6%)
Number of meals a day 3 4 (7.0%) 9 (12.5%) 13 (10.1%) 0.429
4 30 (52.6%) 31 (43.1%) 61 (47.3%)
More than 4 23 (40.4%) 32 (44.4%) 55 (42.6%)