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Table 5 Urban versus rural setting: child’s nutritional status

From: Overweight and obesity and their associated factors among early adolescence school children in urban and rural Portugal

Parameter Urban (n = 57) Rural (n = 72) Total (n = 129) p
Body Mass Index Underweight 6 (14.3%) 12 (16.9%) 18 (15.9%) 0.456
Normal 22 (52.4%) 40 (56.3%) 62 (54.9%)
Overweight 7 (16.7%) 7 (9.9%) 14 (12.4%)
Obese 5 (11.9%) 4 (5.6%) 9 (8.0%)
Morbidly obese 2 (4.8%) 8 (11.3%) 10 (8.8%)
Waist circumference Low 1 (2.4%) 4 (5.7%) 5 (4.5%) 0.675
Normal 9 (22.0%) 20 (28.6%) 29 (26.1%)
High 12 (29.3%) 20 (28.6%) 32 (28.8%)
Obese 19 (46.3%) 26 (37.1%) 45 (40.5%)
Body fat Low/Normal 11 (26.2%) 29 (40.8%) 40 (35.4%) 0.285
Moderate 15 (35.7%) 19 (26.8%) 34 (30.1%)
High 3 (7.1%) 8 (11.3%) 11 (9.7%)
Very High 13 (31.0%) 15 (21.1%) 28 (24.8%)
Water Weight Low 32 (76.2%) 46 (64.8%) 78 (69.0%) 0.553
Normal 9 (21.4%) 23 (32.4%) 32 (28.3%)
High 1 (2.4%) 2 (2.8%) 3 (2.7%)
Lean Mass Low 31 (73.8%) 22 (31.0%) 53 (46.9%) <0.001
Normal 11 (26.2%) 49 (69.0%) 60 (53.1%)
High 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)