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Table 7 Association between moderate high body fat and eating habits; physical/leisure activities and parent’s body mass index

From: Overweight and obesity and their associated factors among early adolescence school children in urban and rural Portugal

% of Moderate or High Body Fat in each category Body Fat p OR 95% CI
Normal Moderate/High LL UL
Gender Male (17/49) 34.7% (32/49) 65.3% 0.891 Reference
Female (23/64) 35.9% (41/64) 64.1% 0.95 0.44 2.06
Age (years) 10/11 (32/76) 42.1% (44/76) 57.9% 0.033 Reference
12 (8/37) 21.6% (29/37) 78.4% 2.64 1.07 6.52
Setting Urban (11/42) 26.2% (31/42) 73.8% 0.115 Reference
Rural (29/71) 40.8% (42/71) 59.2% 0.51 0.22 1.18
Has breakfast everyday No (3/6) 50.0% (3/6) 50.0% 0.664 Reference
Yes (37/107) 34.6% (70/107) 65.4% 1.89 0.36 9.84
Chocolate milk or coffee, cakes/cookies No (22/64) 34.3% (42/64) 65.6% 0.733 Reference
Yes (18/48) 37.5% (30/48) 62.5% 0.87 0.40 1.90
Soup every day No (14/31) 45.2% (17/31) 54.8% 0.182 Reference   
Yes (26/82) 31.7% (56/82) 68.3% 1.77 0.76 4.14
Vegetables and/or salads > =Once a day No (22/60) 36.7% (38/60) 63.3% 0.764 Reference
Yes (18/53) 34.0% (35/53) 66.0% 1.13 0.52 2.44
Fish and/or meat everyday No (17/39) 43.6% (22/39) 56.4% 0.186 Reference
Yes (23/74) 31.1% (51/74) 68.9% 1.71 0.77 3.82
1 or more pieces of fruit a day No (10/21) 47.6% (11/21) 52.4% 0.194 Reference
Yes (30/92) 32.6% (62/92) 67.4% 1.88 0.72 4.91
Number of candies, pizzas, hamburgers or chocolate eaten a week > = 4 (14/33) 42.4% (19/33) 57.6% 0.316 Reference
<4 (26/80) 32.5% (54/80) 67.5% 1.53 0.67 3.52
Never drinks high calorie drinks No (32/80) 40.0% (48/80) 60.0% 0.111 Reference
Yes (8/33) 24.2% (25/33) 75.8% 2.08 0.84 5.19
Number of meals a day >3 (34/101) 33.7% (67/101) 66.3% 0.340 Reference
3 (6/12) 50.0% (6/12) 50.0% 0.51 0.15 1.69
Walks/High energy activities No (22/82) 26.8% (60/82) 73.2% 0.002 Reference
Yes (17/29) 58.6% (12/29) 41.4% 0,26 0,11 0,63
≥30 minute walk a day No (19/72) 26.4% (53/72) 73.6% 0.009 Reference
Yes (20/39) 51.3% (19/39) 48.7% 0.34 0.15 0.77
≥2 hours of television or video games a day Yes (31/85) 36.5% (54/85) 63.5% 0.594 Reference
No (8/26) 30.8% (18/26) 69.2% 1.29 0.50 3.32
At least one obese parent No (31/73) 42.5% (42/73) 57.5% 0.073 Reference
Yes (5/23) 21.7% (18/23) 78.3% 2.66 0.89 7.94
Obese father No (35/88) 39.8% (53/88) 60.2% 0.087 Reference
Yes (1/10) 10.0% (9/10) 90.0% 5.94 0.72 49.00
Obese mother No (33/90) 36.7% (57/90) 63.3% 0.766 Reference
Yes (4/13) 30.8% (9/13) 69.2% 1.30 0.37 4.56