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Table 1 Morbidity by admission type and demographic factors among under five children in NEMMH, Southern Ethiopia

From: Mortality and morbidity trends and predictors of mortality in under-five children with severe acute malnutrition in Hadiya zone, South Ethiopia: a four-year retrospective review of hospital-based records (2012–2015)

Variables Total (N and %) Types of SAM P-value*
Sex(n = 500)   Kwashiorkor (N and %) Marasmus (N and %) Marasmic-Kwashiorkor (N and %) 0.670
Male 257 (51.4) 97 (52.2) 70(50.0) 50(46.7)  
Female 243 (48.6) 89(47.8) 70(50.0) 57(53.3)  
Place of Residence(n = 500)      0.734
Out of Hossana 412(82.4) 154(82.8) 119(85.0) 87(81.3)  
Hossana 88(17.6) 32(17.2) 21(15.0) 20(18.7)  
Co-morbidity (n = 356)      0.588
Acute gastro enteritis (AGE) 78(21.9) 31(23.1) 23(22.1) 11(15.9)  
Diarrhoea 39(11) 19(14.2) 10(9.6) 5(7.2)  
PTB 15(4.2) 6(4.5) 5(4.8) 4(5.8)  
Pneumonia 118(33.1) 37(27.6) 39(37.5) 26(37.7)  
Others 106(29.8) 41(30.6) 27(26.0) 23(33.3)  
Admission type (n = 498)      0.234
New 444(89.2) 170(91.4) 124(88.6) 90(84.9)  
Repeat 54(10.8) 16(8.6) 16(11.4) 16(15.1)  
  1. NOTE: (overall n = 433 was dictated by the variable morbidity)
  2. Median age in months (IQR) for Kwashiorkor was 12(4–25), marasmus was 8(3–18) and marasmic-kwashiorkor was 12(8–36). P = 0.0001(Kruskal –Wallis)
  3. *Tested using Chi square