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Table 2 Co-morbidity groups by admission type and demographic factors among under five children in NEMMH, Southern Ethiopia

From: Mortality and morbidity trends and predictors of mortality in under-five children with severe acute malnutrition in Hadiya zone, South Ethiopia: a four-year retrospective review of hospital-based records (2012–2015)

Variables Total (N and %) Co-morbidity diseases P-value*
Sex (n = 500)   AGE (%) Diarrhoea (%) PTB (%) Pneumonia (%) Others (%) 0.043
Male 257 (51.4) 33 (42.3) 23 (59) 4 (26.7) 69 (58.5) 51 (48.1)  
Female 243 (48.6) 45 (57.7) 16 (41) 11 (73.3) 49 (41.5) 55 (51.9)  
Place of Residence (n = 500)        0.152
Out of Hossana 412 (82.4) 62 (79.5) 35 (89.7) 15 (100) 93 (78.8) 90 (84.9)  
Hossana 88 (17.6) 16 (20.5) 4 (10.3) 0 (0) 25 (21.2) 16 (15.1)  
Admission type (n = 498)        0.672
New 444 (89.2) 72 (92.3) 34 (87.2) 12 (80) 106 (89.8) 95 (89.6)  
Repeat 54 (10.8) 6 (7.7) 5 (12.8) 3 (20) 12 (10.2) 11 (10.4)  
  1. NOTE: (overall n = 356 was dictated by the variable co-morbidity)
  2. Median age in months(IQR) for AGE 8(2–12), diarrhea 11(3–24), PTB 12(7–36), pneumonia 11(3–24), others 9(3–24) P = 0.282 (Kruskal –Wallis)
  3. *Tested using Chi square