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Table 4 Factors associated with educational performance at primary schools of Hawa Gelan District, Oromia Region, Southwest Ethiopia, 2016, (N = 630)

From: Predictors of academic performance with due focus on undernutrition among students attending primary schools of Hawa Gelan district, Southwest Ethiopia: a school based cross sectional study

Explanatory Variables Educational performance COR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
  Good (≥50%) (76.8) 484 Poor (<50%) (23.2) 146
Sex of the student 484
 Male 246 59 1.00 1.00
 Female 238 87 1.52 (1.13,4.47) 1.48 (1.16, 3.82)*
Grade attended
 Grade 2-4 190 32 1.00 1.00
 Above Grade 4 294 114 2.30 (1.72, 5.36) 2.12 (1.98, 4.87)*
Current parental marital status
 Married 333 110 1.00  
 Divorced/widowed 151 36 0.72 (0.58, 0.94) 0.84 (0.69, 1.20)
Parental family size
 Less than five 167 52 1.00 1.00
 Five and above 317 94 0.95 (0.69,2.30) 0.86 (0.67,1.98)
Parental education
 No formal education 148 25 1.00 1.00
 Attend formal education 336 121 2.13 (1.82, 5.75) 2.18 (1.43, 4.72)*
Household monthly income
 Less 1000ETB 145 19 1.00 1.00
 1000-2000ETB 165 59 2.73 (1.82, 4.94) 2.51 (2.12, 5.18)*
 More than 2000ETB 174 68 2.98 (2.13, 6.11) 2.85 (2.01, 5.21)*
Parental support during homework
 Yes 267 98 1.00 1.00
 No 217 48 0.60 (0.23, 0.94) 0.57 (0.19, 0.98)*
Parental follow up at school
 Yes 352 114 1.00 1.00
 No 132 32 0.74 (0.39, 0.92) 0.72 (0.24, 1.36)
Participant stunted
 No 378 122 1.00 1.00
 Yes 106 24 0.70 (.21, 0.94) 0.68 (0.15,0.85)*
Participant underweight
 No 408 132 1.00 1.00
 Yes 76 14 0.56 (0.17, 0.82) 0.48 (0.14, 0.84)*
Participant wasted
 No 422 128 1.00 1.00
 Yes 62 18 0.95 (0.53, 2.86) 0.86 (0.46, 2.23)
  1. *indicates statistically significant association