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Table 1 Socioeconomic and lifestyle characteristics, presence of morbidities and nutritional status of yogurt consumers and non-consumersa

From: Yogurt consumption is associated with a better lifestyle in Brazilian population

Variables Yogurt consumers (n = 1305) Non Consumers (n = 1305) Total p value
n % n % n %
Relationship status (with partner) 679 52.0 772 53.7 1451 55.6 0.3883
Work activity (working/studying)*b 869 67.7 803 65.5 1672 65.1 0.0058
Education level (≥8 years)* 1093 83.8 1042 79.9 2135 81.8 0.0095
Child at home (yes) 479 63.3 441 66.2 920 35.2 0.1195
Dependence on alcoholc
 Dependent 15 2.3 25 3.8 40 3.0 0.3357
 Harmful 29 4.5 24 3.6 53 4.0  
 Risk 148 22.7 159 24.1 307 23.4  
 Low risk 460 70.7 452 68.5 912 69.5  
Alcohol intake (g/day)*d e, Mean (DP) 3.6 13.6 6.4 13.7 5,89 7,13 <0.001
Smoking status (currently smoker)* 283 21.7 332 25.5 615 23.6 0.0252
Sedentary (yes) 1138 87.2 1169 89.6 2307 88.4 0.0582
Active in leisure time (yes)* 225 17.2 187 14.3 412 15.8 0.0413
Nutritional Status
 Not overweight 535 41.0 539 41.3 1074 41.1 0.2704
 Overweight 420 32.2 449 34.4 869 33.3  
 Obese 350 26.8 317 24.3 667 25.6  
Abdominal circumference (adequate) 701 53.7 727 55.7 1428 54.7 0.3066
Hypertension (yes) 189 14.5 203 15.6 392 15.0 0.4479
Diabetes Mellitus (yes) 64 4.0 64 5.2 702 26.9 0.7242
Osteoporosis (yes) 24 1.8 23 1.8 47 1.8 0.8851
Dyslipidemia (yes) 90 6.9 101 7.7 191 7.3 0.4115
Allergy (yes) 94 7.2 109 8.4 203 7.8 0.2754
Lactose Intolerance (yes) 13 1.0 23 1.8 36 1.4 0.0937
Heart disease (yes) 18 1.4 26 2.0 44 1.7 0.2229
Anxiety or depression (yes) 108 8.3 90 6.9 198 7.6 0.1814
Parkinson (yes) 1 0.1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.4998
Sleep disturbance (yes) 29 2.2 32 2.5 61 2.3 0.6998
Cancer (Yes) 6 0.5 7 0.5 13 0.5 0.7820
Rheumatic disease (yes) 24 1.8 28 2.2 52 2.0 0.5791
HIV (yes) 2 0.2 1 0.1 3 0.1 0.6249
  1. Data was collected 2014 in Brazil
  2. aChi-square test
  3. bThe total was smaller for this variable than the effective sample due to missing information
  4. cOnly individuals who reported drinking alcoholic beverages
  5. dStudent’s t test
  6. eAdjusting for energy
  7. *p < 0.05