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Table 2 Nutrients intake, demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle characteristics among study groups

From: Yogurt consumption is associated with a better lifestyle in Brazilian population

Variable Group LOW-Y/LOW-D (n = 145) Group HIGH-Y/LOW-D (n = 183) p value Group LOW-Y/HIGH-D (n = 145) Group HIGH-Y/LOW-D (n = 183) p value
Mean ± DPa b
Calcium (mg) 495.63 247.57 995.16 247.15 <0.0001 1138.90 308.75 1052.90 308.57 0.0129
Vitamin D (mcg) 1.75 0.60 2.45 0.66 <0.0001 6.75 1.56 2.63 1.62 <0.0001
Phosphorus (mg) 1080.08 192.91 1366.49 192.50 <0.0001 1519.12 230.23 1466.08 230.11 0.0395
Magnesium (mg) 332.19 54.91 336.00 54.92 0.5363 364.73 54.07 360.72 53.97 0.5067
Saturated fat (g) 25.77 6.14 31.75 6.17 <0.0001 35.20 6.14 35.04 6.22 0.8266
Added sugar (g) 60.35 38.17 61.81 29.62 0.7324 55.79 44.67 72.02 44.64 0.0102
Age (years) 40.14 12.19 37.96 12.66 0.1159 40.31 13.01 37.96 12.66 0.0993
BMI (kg/m2) 27.26 5.86 27.02 5.19 0.7049 27.15 6.22 27.02 5.19 0.8388
Abdominal circumference
  Women 90.01 14.05 89.47 17.02 0.8251 89.88 16.26 89.47 17.02 0.8652
  Men 93.11 15.29 88.63 13.45 0.1030 90.42 13.18 88.63 13.45 0.5002
n and %c
 Active in leisure time
  No 127 87.59 140 76.50 0.0104 110 75.86 140 76.50 0.8923
  Yes 18 12.41 43 23.50 35 24.14 43 23.50
Sex
  Female 82 56.55 125 68.31 0.0284 94 64.83 125 68.31 0.5066
  Male 63 43.45 58 31.69 51 35.17 58 31.69
 Education level
   < 8 years 37 25.52 35 19.13 0.1469 27 25.52 35 19.13 0.9076
   ≥ 8 years 108 74.48 148 80.87 118 81.38 148 80.87
  1. Data was collected 2014 in Brazil
  2. aStudent’s t test; bAdjusting for energy; cChi-square test
  3. Group LOW-Y/LOW-D = low consumption of yogurt and other dairy products (in grams/day)
  4. Group LOW-Y/HIGH-D = low consumption of yogurt and high consumption of other dairy products (in grams/day)
  5. Group HIGH-Y/LOW-D = high consumption of yogurt and low consumption of other dairy products (in grams/day)