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Table 3 Nutrients intake, demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle characteristics among study groups

From: Yogurt consumption is associated with a better lifestyle in Brazilian population

Variable Group LOW-Y/LOW-D (n = 145) Group LOW-Y/HIGH-D (n = 145) p value Group LOW-Y/LOW-D (n = 145) Group HIGH-Y/HIGH-D (n = 182) p value
Mean ± DPa b  
Calcium (mg) 508.80 236.37 1113.20 236.38 <0.0001 602.58 390.03 1709.66 384.89 <0.0001
Vitamin D (mcg) 1.83 1.68 6.63 1.69 <0.0001 2.26 2.89 8.40 2.83 <0.0001
Phosphorus (mg) 1110.60 188.68 1459.18 188.69 <0.0001 1277.67 285.61 1970.07 281.82 <0.0001
Magnesium (mg) 339.92 61.28 348.89 61.29 <0.0001 381.47 62.62 423.60 61.78 <0.0001
Saturated fat (g) 26.87 6.72 33.33 6.72 <0.0001 31.51 7.46 40.24 7.28 <0.0001
Added sugar (g) 63.58 43.71 50.08 43.71 0.0102 72.16 40.46 56.60 39.93 0.0011
Age (years) 40.14 12.19 40.31 13.01 0.9074 40.14 12.19 39.21 12.16 0.4902
BMI (kg/m2) 27.26 5.86 27.15 6.21 0.8829 27.26 5.86 28.28 6.38 0.1602
Abdominal circumference  
 Women 90.01 14.05 89.88 16.26 0.9574 90.01 14.05 91.62 14.50 0.4641
 Men 93.11 15.30 90.42 13.18 0.3292 93.11 15.30 90.60 15.19 0.3942
n and %c  
 Active in leisure time  
  No 127 87.59 110 75.86 0.0098 127 87.59 123 67.58 <0.0001
  Yes 18 12.51 35 24.14   18 12.41 59 32.42  
Sex  
  Female 82 56.55 94 64.83 0.1491 82 56.55 125 68.68 0.0238
  Male 63 43.45 51 35.17   63 43.45 57 31.32  
 Education level
   < 8 years 37 25.52 27 18.62 0.1568 37 25.52 27 14.84 0.0156
   ≥ 8 years 108 74.48 118 81.38   108 74.48 155 85.16  
  1. Data was collected 2014 in Brazil. aStudent’s t test; bAdjusting for energy; cChi-square test
  2. Group LOW-Y/LOW-D = low consumption of yogurt and other dairy products (milk, cheeses, and fruit smoothies) (in grams/day)
  3. Group LOW-Y/HIGH-D = low consumption of yogurt and high consumption of other dairy products (in grams/day)
  4. Group HIGH-Y/LOW-D = high consumption of yogurt and low consumption of other dairy products (in grams/day)
  5. Group HIGH-Y/HIGH-D = high consumption of yogurt and other dairy products (in grams/day)