Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Relationship between mean height –for-age z-score (HAZ) and selected variables among children aged 6–59 months

From: The effect of maternal and child factors on stunting, wasting and underweight among preschool children in Northern Ghana

Indicator N Mean HAZ Std. Deviation 95% Confidence Interval for Mean p value
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Child currently breastfeeding?
 No 208 −1.4115 1.17570 −1.5722 −1.2508 0.2
 Yes 217 −1.2504 1.25697 −1.4186 −1.0822
Age of child (months)
 6–8 46 -.1770 1.44827 -.6070 .2531 <0.001
 9–11 30 -.6190 1.42657 −1.1517 -.0863
 12–23 142 −1.5582 1.15160 −1.7493 −1.3672
 24–59 207 −1.5311 .97958 −1.6653 −1.3969  
Gender of child
 Male 216 −1.4953 1.32478 −1.6730 −1.3177 0.004
 Female 209 −1.1576 1.07576 −1.3043 −1.0109
Timing of first complementary food at 6 months
 No 263 −1.4068 1.11418 −1.5421 −1.2716 0.09
 Yes 162 −1.2032 1.36677 −1.4153 -.9911
Minimum meal frequency
 No 190 −1.2549 1.27073 −1.4367 −1.0730 0.3
 Yes 235 −1.3893 1.17502 −1.5403 −1.2383
Minimum dietary diversity
 Less than 4 groups 154 −1.0892 1.37680 −1.3083 -.8700 0.002
 At least 4 groups 271 −1.4656 1.09919 −1.5971 −1.3342
Minimum acceptable diet
 No 251 −1.2239 1.32109 −1.3882 −1.0597 0.03
 Yes 174 −1.4811 1.03980 −1.6367 −1.3255
Classification of household wealth index
 Low 268 −1.4153 1.12989 −1.5512 −1.2794 0.06
 High 157 −1.1823 1.34907 −1.3950 -.9696
Maternal height (cm)
  < 150 17 −1.8812 1.04163 −2.4167 −1.3456 0.004
 150–154 57 −1.4512 1.41418 −1.8265 −1.0760
 155–159 129 −1.5319 1.07278 −1.7188 −1.3450
 At least 160 222 −1.1379 1.22944 −1.3005 -.9753
Classification of birth weight
 Normal (≥2.5 kg) 170 −1.1429 1.25864 −1.3335 -.9524 <0.001
 Low birth weight (<2.5 kg) 23 −2.1230 1.06457 −2.5834 −1.6627  
Consumption of staples in the past 24 h prior to study
 No 43 -.7381 1.15345 −1.0931 -.3832 <0.001
 Yes 382 −1.3958 1.20973 −1.5175 −1.2741
Consumption of animal source foods in the past 24 h prior to study
 No 94 -.9859 1.31444 −1.2551 -.7166 0.002
 Yes 331 −1.4267 1.17454 −1.5537 −1.2997  
Consumption of legumes foods in the past 24 h prior to study
 No 211 −1.1699 1.30031 −1.3463 -.9934 0.007
 Yes 214 −1.4864 1.11425 −1.6365 −1.3362