Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of 6–12 month old children in the repeated cross-sectional and follow-up study in HS and PHS

From: Feeding practices and growth among young children during two seasons in rural Ethiopia

Variables HS
(n = 296)
PHS
(n = 291)
P-value* Follow- up at PHS
(n = 266)
Gender of child
 Female 154 (52.0) 125 (43.0) 0.03 137 (51.5)
Age of the child (6–12)     -
 6-8 months 152 (51.4) 71 (24.4) <0.001  
 9–12 months 144 (48.6) 220 (75.6)   
Age of the child (12–18)
 12–15 months     183 (68.8)
 16–18 months     83 (31.2)
Age of the mother     -
 < 20 years 60 (20.6) 32 (11.0) ˂0.01  
 20–34 years 202 (69.4) 233 (80.1)   
 ≥ 35 years 29 (10.0) 26 (8.9)   
Socioeconomic status, n (%)     -
 Low 79 (27.3) 115 (39.9) 0.01  
 Medium 106 (36.7) 89 (30.9)   
 High 104 (36.0) 84 (29.2)   
Under-five children in the HH, n (%)     -
 0–1 79 (26.7) 66 (22.7) 0.26  
 ≥ 2 217 (73.3) 225 (77.3)   
Morbidity, n (%)
 Cougha 44 (14.9) 57 (19.6) 0.13 36 (13.5)
 Fevera 57 (19.3) 67 (23.0) 0.27 53 (19.9)
 Diarrheaa 49 (16.7) 70 (24.1) 0.03 67 (25.2)
Source of drinking water for HH, n (%)     -
 Unsafe water source 252 (85.1) 229 (78.7) 0.04  
Human waste disposal by the HH, n (%)
 Improper disposal 117 (39.7) 97 (33.3) 0.11  
Maternal schooling, n (%)     -
 No formal schooling 243 (82.1) 246 (84.5) 0.43  
LAZ, mean ± SD −0.77 ± 1.4 −1.0 ± 1.3 0.02 −1.0 ± 1.3
 Stunting, n (%)
  LAZ < −2 55 (18.6) 61 (21.1) 0.44 55 (20.7)
  LAZ < −3 18 (6.1) 16 (5.5) 0.78 16 (6.0)
WLZ, mean ± SD −0.63 ± 1.3 −0.75 ± 1.3 0.28 −0.81 ± 1.2
 Wasting, n (%)
  WLZ < −2 35 (11.8) 45 (15.5) 0.19 51 (19.2)
  WLZ < −3 12 (4.1) 12 (4.1) 0.96 11 (4.1)
WAZ, mean ± SD −0.96 ± 1.2 −1.1 ± 1.4 0.08 −1.1 ± 1.1
 Underweight, n (%)
  WAZ < −2 52 (17.6) 75 (25.8) 0.02 49 (18.4)
  WAZ < −3 18 (6.1) 20 (6.9)   13 (4.9)
Current breast feeding
 Yes 296 (100) 291 (100) - 253 (95.1)
DDS, median (IQR) 2.0 (1.0, 3.0) 2.0 (2.0, 3.0) 0.17 3.0 (2.0, 4.0)
ICFI, median (IQR) 5.0 (5.0, 7.0) 6.0 (5.0, 7.0) 0.09 -
  1. HS harvest season, PHS pre-harvest season, HH household, LAZ length-for-age z-score, WLZ weight-for-length z-score, WAZ weight-for-age z-score, DDS Dietary diversity score, ICFI Infant and Child Feeding Index
  2. * P-values are calculated for the difference of the two independent samples at HS and PHS
  3. aDiarrhea, cough, fever in the previous 2 weeks of the studies