Skip to main content

Table 3 Associations of ICFI and its components with LAZ and WLZ of children in the repeated cross-sectional studyb

From: Feeding practices and growth among young children during two seasons in rural Ethiopia

Variables Harvest season (n = 296) Preharvest season (n = 291)
  n Mean LAZ (SD) P-value* Mean WLZ (SD) P-value* n Mean LAZ (SD) P-value* Mean WLZ (SD) P-value*
Tertile of ICFI
 Low (reference) 152 −0.86 (1.41)   −0.66 (1.26)   132 −1.04 (1.23)   −0.78 (1.42)  
 Medium 97 −0.66 (1.43) 0.63 −0.59 (1.30) 0.39 119 −1.20 (1.48) 0.41 −0.70 (1.36) 0.21
 High 47 −0.74 (1.35) 0.78 −0.63 (1.26) 0.50 40 −0.60 (1.25) 0.40 −0.80 (0.99) 0.96
Dietary diversity (24 h)a
 Low (reference) 140 −0.77 (1.47)   −0.65 (1.25)   157 −1.13 (1.28)   −0.75 (1.34)  
 Medium 99 −0.81 (1.38) 0.17 −0.62 (1.37) 0.50 75 −1.18 (1.51) 0.72 −0.87 (1.36) 0.74
 High 57 −0.66 (1.31) 0.60 −0.63 (1.13) 0.42 59 −0.64 (1.18) 0.27 −0.61 (1.33) 0.43
Food group frequency (7d)a
 Low (reference) 62 −0.95 (1.51)   −0.67 (1.11)   34 −1.22 (1.31)   −0.79 (1.55)  
 Medium 75 −0.74 (1.52) 0.46 −0.84 (1.39) 0.66 52 −1.09 (1.41) 0.78 −0.74 (1.30) 0.93
 High 159 −0.72 (1.31) 0.28 −0.52 (1.26) 0.52 205 −1.01 (1.31) 0.24 −0.74 (1.32) 0.96
Bottle feedinga
 Yes (reference) 56 −0.75 (1.43)   −0.68 (1.29)   32 −0.21 (1.22)   −0.25 (1.15)  
 No 240 −0.78 (1.41) 0.54 −0.62 (1.26) 0.39 259 −1.15 (1.31) 0.002 −0.80 (1.35) 0.15
Feeding frequencya
 Low (reference) 147 −0.88 (1.40)   −0.67 (1.30)   158 −1.09 (1.21)   −0.85 (1.41)  
 Medium 63 −0.55 (1.24) 0.18 −0.36 (1.19) 0.05 54 −1.12 (1.47) 0.44 −0.48 (1.51) 0.07
 High 86 −0.76 (1.53) 0.92 −0.78 (1.25) 0.87 79 −0.91 (1.50) 0.79 −0.74 (1.03) 0.61
  1. ICFI Infant and child feeding index, LAZ length-for-age z-score, WLZ weight-for-length z-score
  2. * P-values are from multiple linear regression models controlling for confounding variables using backward stepwise selection. The association of individual components and LAZ and WLZ were modeled separately
  3. aThe low, medium and high categories are based on the scoring given for the each component of infant and child feeding index as 0, +1 and +2 respectively as described in Table 1
  4. bAll analyses are adjusted for child and maternal characteristics and household socioeconomic status in the multivariate regression model