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Table 4 Predictors of stunting in the pooled sample of all 6–12 months old children participating in the repeated cross-sectional studya

From: Feeding practices and growth among young children during two seasons in rural Ethiopia

Variables n c (%) Odds Ratio 95% CI P-value
DDS
 DDS > 2 204 (34.8) Reference   
 DDS ≤ 2 383 (65.2) 1.7 1.04, 2.71 0.04
Season
 HS 296 (50.4) Reference   
 PHS 291 (49.6) 1.0 0.64, 1.59 0.91
Human waste disposal
 Improper disposal 214 (36.5) Reference   
 Proper disposal 373 (63.5) 0.7 0.42, 1.01 0.05
Maternal schooling
 No formal schooling 489 (83.3) Reference   
 Attended formal school 98 (16.7) 0.5 0.25, 1.07 0.07
Age of the child
 6–8 months 223 (38.0) Reference   
 9–12 months 364 (62.0) 2.0 1.24, 3.18 ˂0.01
Age of the mother
 < 20 years 92 (15.8) Reference   
 20–34 years 435 (74.7) 0.6 0.36, 0.98 0.03
 ≥ 35 years 55 (9.5) 0.7 0.27, 1.58 0.35
Diarrheab
 No diarrhea 466 (79.7) Reference   
 Diarrhea present 119 (20.3) 1.7 1.05, 2.78 0.04
Under-five children in the HH
 0–1 145 (24.7) Reference   
 ≥ 2 442 (75.3) 2.3 1.24, 4.46 0.01
  1. DDS dietary diversity score, HS harvest season, PHS pre-harvest season, HH household
  2. aResults from multiple binary logistic regression models using a backward stepwise selection of predictors
  3. bDiarrhea in the previous 2 weeks of the studies
  4. cTotal numbers included in the analysis. Due to missing observations, the numbers for predicator variables “Age of the mother” and “Diarrhea” do not add up to 587