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Table 5 Multiple regression assessing the association between DDS and Length-for-Age Z-score adjusting for relevant confounding factors among the follow-up children in PHSa

From: Feeding practices and growth among young children during two seasons in rural Ethiopia

Variables n c (%) β 95% CI P-value
DDS during HS 266 0.16 0.01, 0.30 0.03
HAZ during HS 266 0.33 0.23, 0.43 <0.001
Age of the mother
 < 20 years 54 (21.1) Reference   
 20–34 years 181 (68.3) 0.43 0.01, 0.80 0.02
 ≥ 35 years 27 (10.6) 0.66 0.04, 0.13 0.01
Diarrheab
 No diarrhea 199 (74.8) Reference   
 Diarrhea Present 67 (25.2) −0.35 −0.67, −0.03 0.03
Maternal schooling
 No formal schooling 217 (81.6) Reference   
 Attended formal school 49 (18.4) 0.33 −0.05, 0.71 0.05
Socio-economic status
 Low 71 (26.9) Reference   
 Medium 94 (35.6) 0.41 0.06, 0.77 0.04
 High 99 (37.5) 0.25 −0.10, 0.60 0.24
  1. DDS Dietary diversity score, HAZ height-for-age z-score, HS harvest season
  2. aAnalysis of covariance was performed to determine predictors of growth at follow-up
  3. bDiarrhea in the previous 2 weeks of the follow up study
  4. cTotal numbers included in the analysis. Due to missing observations, the numbers for predicator variables “Age of the mother” and “Socioeconomic status” do not add up to 266