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Table 6 Advanced Nutrition Care Strategies by Site (n = 700)

From: Need for the Integrated Nutrition Pathway for Acute Care (INPAC): gaps in current nutrition care in five Canadian hospitals

  Overall
(N = 700)
% (n)
Site A (N = 152)
% (n)
Site B (N = 119)
% (n)
Site C (N = 159)
% (n)
Site D (N = 131)
% (n)
Site E (N = 139)
% (n)
Advanced nutrition care strategies
 % that received any advanced nutrition care strategies 39.4 (276) ** 42.1 (64) 31.9 (38) 13.2 (21) 34.4 (45) 77.7 (108)
Types of advanced nutrition care strategies: (n = 276) (n = 64) (n = 38) (n = 21) (n = 45) (n = 108)
 Nutrient dense diet 20.6 (57) ** 7.8 (5) 18.4 (7) 0 (0) 24.4 (11) 31.4 (34)
 Liberalized diet 3.2 (9) a 0 (0) 2.6 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 7.4 (8)
 Preferred foods 48.5 (134) ** 17.1 (11) 5.2 (2) 4.7 (1) 53.3 (24) 88.8 (96)
 High energy/protein milkshakes/drinks/ONS 40.9 (113) ** 37.5 (24) 60.5 (23) 28.5 (6) 71.1 (32) 25.9 (28)
 Med pass for ONS 6.1 (17) ** 0 (0) 21 (8) 33.3 (7) 4.4 (2) 0 (0)
 Snacks between meals 11.9 (33) ** 4.6 (3) 39.4 (15) 4.7 (1) 26.6 (12) 1.8 (2)
 Other
(i.e. minced, fluid diets, specialized diets, vitamin supplements)
22.8 (63) ** 75 (48) 7.8 (3) 42.8 (9) 4.4 (2) 0.01 (1)
  1. **indicates statistically significant difference across sites (p < 0.0001)
  2. aIndicates use of Fishers’ exact test rather than chi-square