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Table 1 General characteristics of TOV study participants

From: High magnitude of under nutrition among HIV infected adults who have not started ART in Tanzania--a call to include nutrition care and treatment in the test and treat model

Variable Male Female Total p
N (x̅) % (SD) N (x̅) %(SD) N %
Socio-demographic characteristics
 Wealth index
  Lowest 151 15.2 498 22.1 649 20.0 <0.001
  Low 177 17.82 480 21.3 657 20.2  
  Middle 242 24.4 492 21.8 734 22.6  
  High 215 21.7 413 18.3 628 19.4  
  Highest 208 20.9 370 16.5 578 17.8  
 Primary school
  Completed 743 86.5 1659 86.4 2402 86.4 0.949
  Not completed 116 13.5 261 13.6 377 13.6  
 Secondary education
  Any class 170 51.8 254 40.2 424 44.2 0.001
  None 158 48.2 378 59.8 536 55.8  
 Advanced schooling
  Any level 73 29.6 89 17.7 162 21.6 <0.001
  None 174 70.4 415 82.3 589 78.4  
Nutritional status (BMI)
 Nutritional status
  Underweight 380 30.0 724 26.6 1104 27.7 <0.001
  Normal 769 60.7 1506 55.3 2275 57.0  
  Overweight 119 9.3 495 18.1 614 15.3  
 Severity of undernutrition
  Severe 80 21.1 190 26.2 270 24.4 0.123
  Moderate 81 21.3 157 21.7 238 21.6  
  Mild 219 57.6 377 52.1 596 54.0  
Feeding practices
 Dietary diversity
  Mean (2.94) (0.05) (2.94) (0.03)    0.424
  DDS < 3 459 46.2 985 46.1 1444 46.1 0.945
  DDS > =3 534 53.8 1152 53.9 1686 53.9  
 Any starchy
  None 93 9.5 182 8.5 275 8.8  
  Once 833 83.9 1782 83.4 2615 83.6 0.294
  2–3 56 5.6 155 7.2 211 6.7  
  4 and above 11 1.0 18 0.9 29 0.9  
 Any protein
  None 299 30.1 677 31.7 976 31.2  
  Once 647 65.2 1355 63.4 2002 64.0 0.367
  2–3 35 3.5 89 4.1 124 3.9  
  4 and above 12 1.2 16 0.8 28 0.9  
 Any Animal protein
  None 313 31.5 711 33.3 1024 32.7  
  Once 634 63.9 1332 62.3 1966 62.8 0.180
  2–3 34 3.4 82 3.8 116 3.7  
  4 and above 12 1.2 12 0.6 24 0.8  
 Any other protein
  None 870 87.6 1884 88.2 2754 88.0  
  Once 119 12.0 228 10.7 347 11.1 0.144
  2–3 3 0.3 20 0.9 23 0.7  
  4 and above 1 0.1 5 0.2 6 0.2  
 Any green vegetables
  None 605 60.9 1265 59.2 1870 59.8  
  Once 350 35.3 778 36.4 1128 36.0 0.673
  2–3 31 3.1 81 3.8 112 3.6  
  4 and above 7 0.7 13 0.6 20 0.6  
 Any fruits
  None 456 47.9 999 46.8 1455 46.5  
  Once 470 47.3 979 45.8 1449 46.3 0.348
  2–3 51 5.2 135 6.3 186 5.9  
  4 and above 16 1.6 24 1.1 40 1.3