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Table 1 General characteristics of TOV study participants

From: High magnitude of under nutrition among HIV infected adults who have not started ART in Tanzania--a call to include nutrition care and treatment in the test and treat model

Variable

Male

Female

Total

p

N (x̅)

% (SD)

N (x̅)

%(SD)

N

%

Socio-demographic characteristics

 Wealth index

  Lowest

151

15.2

498

22.1

649

20.0

<0.001

  Low

177

17.82

480

21.3

657

20.2

 

  Middle

242

24.4

492

21.8

734

22.6

 

  High

215

21.7

413

18.3

628

19.4

 

  Highest

208

20.9

370

16.5

578

17.8

 

 Primary school

  Completed

743

86.5

1659

86.4

2402

86.4

0.949

  Not completed

116

13.5

261

13.6

377

13.6

 

 Secondary education

  Any class

170

51.8

254

40.2

424

44.2

0.001

  None

158

48.2

378

59.8

536

55.8

 

 Advanced schooling

  Any level

73

29.6

89

17.7

162

21.6

<0.001

  None

174

70.4

415

82.3

589

78.4

 

Nutritional status (BMI)

 Nutritional status

  Underweight

380

30.0

724

26.6

1104

27.7

<0.001

  Normal

769

60.7

1506

55.3

2275

57.0

 

  Overweight

119

9.3

495

18.1

614

15.3

 

 Severity of undernutrition

  Severe

80

21.1

190

26.2

270

24.4

0.123

  Moderate

81

21.3

157

21.7

238

21.6

 

  Mild

219

57.6

377

52.1

596

54.0

 

Feeding practices

 Dietary diversity

  Mean

(2.94)

(0.05)

(2.94)

(0.03)

  

0.424

  DDS < 3

459

46.2

985

46.1

1444

46.1

0.945

  DDS > =3

534

53.8

1152

53.9

1686

53.9

 

 Any starchy

  None

93

9.5

182

8.5

275

8.8

 

  Once

833

83.9

1782

83.4

2615

83.6

0.294

  2–3

56

5.6

155

7.2

211

6.7

 

  4 and above

11

1.0

18

0.9

29

0.9

 

 Any protein

  None

299

30.1

677

31.7

976

31.2

 

  Once

647

65.2

1355

63.4

2002

64.0

0.367

  2–3

35

3.5

89

4.1

124

3.9

 

  4 and above

12

1.2

16

0.8

28

0.9

 

 Any Animal protein

  None

313

31.5

711

33.3

1024

32.7

 

  Once

634

63.9

1332

62.3

1966

62.8

0.180

  2–3

34

3.4

82

3.8

116

3.7

 

  4 and above

12

1.2

12

0.6

24

0.8

 

 Any other protein

  None

870

87.6

1884

88.2

2754

88.0

 

  Once

119

12.0

228

10.7

347

11.1

0.144

  2–3

3

0.3

20

0.9

23

0.7

 

  4 and above

1

0.1

5

0.2

6

0.2

 

 Any green vegetables

  None

605

60.9

1265

59.2

1870

59.8

 

  Once

350

35.3

778

36.4

1128

36.0

0.673

  2–3

31

3.1

81

3.8

112

3.6

 

  4 and above

7

0.7

13

0.6

20

0.6

 

 Any fruits

  None

456

47.9

999

46.8

1455

46.5

 

  Once

470

47.3

979

45.8

1449

46.3

0.348

  2–3

51

5.2

135

6.3

186

5.9

 

  4 and above

16

1.6

24

1.1

40

1.3